Norway a fascinating land in the extreme north of Europe and magic and fairy tales are very much alive. crystal-clear lakes and rivers snow-covered mountains you Dilek fishing villages and endless beaches, that are only accessible by boat landscapes with remote settlements and above all the North Cape.
although the Norwegian metropolis of Oslo is a modern city, it continues to be inspired by the lively spirit of its past traders fighting men and seafarers. Oslo is more like a European town than a large capital city and the dom kicker is an impressive sight. Karl Johan’s gate is a splendid Avenue. it extends from the main station to the Royal Castle. it has all the atmosphere of a large city. the Parliament building is also situated here. a mighty yellow tiled and red granite building. the National Theatre is also located in Karl Johan’s gate and is close to the castle. outside a statues of Norwegian dramatists Gibson and Johnson. opposite is Osler’s massive university its Great Hall was once the setting of the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony. the royal castle that is situated at the end of the Avenue is the official residence of the Norwegian royal family. King Karl Johan had the castle built although he never actually resided in it. the Royal Guard in front of the castle is an impressive sight. the difficult times when this was a Danish than a Swedish colony along gone. in the 1920s the sculptor adult Gustav Vigeland was given the use of this building. he exhibited 200 stone figures here. in the center of the sculptors park is an elevated terrace that contains a group of figures. in the center is the pillar of life. vigeland died in 1943 before his Park was completed. Oslo is also the winter capital of Scandinavia, especially so since the Olympic Winter Games of 1952. the first to be held after the Second World War. the ski jump at the holmenkollen is one of the most famous events and takes place directly in front of the city gates. Gamla are kakaka is the city’s oldest church. this medieval building is located on a hill in the northern port of Oslo. over the centuries it has often been plundered. however it’s managed to survive right up to the present day. the city’s main landmark is its monumental twin tarred city hall. combination of national romantic,classical and pure functionality a place of contrasts. completely lacking in taste or a superb achievement of the age in which we live. the architecture of this building has stirred much controversy. Oslo is a Harbor tongue.it’s a city on the sea but lies well sheltered at the end of a few odd. in the ninth century it was much appreciated by the Vikings who traveled throughout the known world plundering much of it. King Haakon v transformed an old fortress on the Icarus Peninsula into his own personal residence. in 1300 he moved here from trondheim. when in 1624 a devastating fire destroyed it. Christian of Denmark had the city rebuilt and named it to Christiana. the fortress was transformed into a Renaissance castle. west of the harbor Basin is our cab Riga. a city quarter that was created on the site of a former shipyard and which features some unusual architecture. and when the Sun shines here the atmosphere is reminiscent of warmer climes. the best way to get an interesting overview over the catchment area of Oslo is a boat trip through the fjord. past many boats of all sizes and boat houses and chapels. the oslofjord is about a hundred and thirty kilometres long. it extends from the shores of the North Sea to Oslo.the harbor is the starting point for the motor launchers that travel to the museum island of digg’d why friedhof Nansen ordered the construction of the Fram especially for his expeditions to the North Pole. the North CF Arts Museum features the long history of Norwegian navigation. in the kontiki museum, the filigree balsa riverboat is on display, in which tour Heyerdahl sailed across the Pacific from Peru to Polynesia. the Viking ship Museum, is Norway’s most visited Museum. and the Norse folks posit museum is the largest of all slows museums. this open-air museum covers 14 hectares and contains a hundred and seventy buildings from the length and breadth of Norway it’s the country’s largest collection several dance groups in traditional costume provide entertainment in the museum they show that the Norwegians know how to celebrate our fascinating journey on the famous Birkins Panem takes us from Oslo to Bevan the many suburbs reach far into the hinterland as the oslofjord Valley was not large enough to absorb the growing population at first the plan was to build a railroad between the two most important trading towns in Norway the construction of the railroad posed a major challenge for the engineers at that time and its construction took many years the first section of today’s Birkins Balan was completed in 1883 it extended from Bergen to Voss after the first section was completed the ambitious engineers had more decisions to make for the next section there were several possibilities but it was decided to extend the line through Ron Darden middle and finsih the Norwegian Parliament only gave the go-ahead for the construction of the railroad in 1894 as the project was not without risk but they also wanted to take political advantage of his brave new venture at that time the construction of the Bergin’s barn was the most daring railway project in the whole of Europe first almost the entire infrastructure of railway construction had to be built roads for both workers and materials didn’t exist in Norway’s remote areas this made the construction of the railway even more difficult on its journey to Bergen the train reaches the highest plateau in Europe the 8,000 square kilometer Arango vida and even today there are glaciers in this region such as the Hardanger yoculan that originated some 3,000 years ago at the next station railway enthusiasts can experience another fascinating route because in mérida the spectacular flam bond begins now the train is traveling downhill after more than six and a half hours we have arrived at our final destination the ancient hanseatic city of burden the history of this ancient and charming harbour town Norway’s secret capital city began in the 11th century during the rule of Bishop Olaf kitty despite several catastrophes the center shines out in all of its historic splendor Bergin’s noble cathedral the dom cockin has suffered many devastating fires so it’s undergone several building programs and today nothing remains of the original building Bergin’s main tourist attraction is the brigand district that originated in the middle of the 14th century when it was heavily influenced by the north german Hanseatic office German traders were attracted by the prosperous city and so had a permanent administrative headquarters built here business flourished and in subsequent years an increasing number of Hanseatic merchants moved to the city almost a thousand German settled in Bergen the decline of hanser began at the beginning of the seventeenth century its success was being overtaken by various other countries Norwegian merchants eventually bought the city’s German warehouses the golden age of the Hanseatic traders was then relegated to the history books located close to Baggins fish and vegetable market is the course kickin after it was devastated by fire and 1702 it was rebuilt according to the design of the Danish architect Johann Konrad Ernst today the course Ketchum is dominated by Renaissance design throughout the centuries numerous Scandinavian artists have adorned the church with their work the city not only boasts a fascinating history but also a number of music festivals and the world-famous composer Edvard Grieg originated from Bergen situated at the herb regatta the Church of the Holy Virgin Mary the Maria kakum is the city’s oldest religious building it is once of great important to the city’s German population in 1408 the building was purchased by various Hanseatic traders over several years they gradually improved its appearance indeed there could be no finer surroundings for Grieg’s musical works than the tangled lanes and a Dilek squares of his native city the calm and amicable atmosphere in bergen’s old district still possesses a magical atmosphere and a unique Hillier although the harbour was once responsible for the city’s prosperity during the industrial revolution it proved to be too small and impractical you both the harbor and the city lost their importance times were changing fast however today Bergen is an extremely popular tourist destination Bergin’s fishermen still carry out the centuries-old tradition of their ancestors and the inhabitants of Norway’s secret capital city continue to care for and respect their historic cultural inheritance right up to the present day norway is also known as a land of fuels one of the most impressive it which is the guiding of Europe a very popular tourist destination it is long and narrow the situated between steep mountain slopes again and again white foaming water plunges down the rocks a fascinating natural spectacle each summer more than 100 cruise ships pass through this fascinating fjord and travel right to the end of it to the uninhabited guide auger as large boats are unable to anchor here small ferry boats are available from here the tour continues across the mountains a steep and narrow mountain road winds up from the valley the cruise ships are left far below rain and fog make the journey on this narrow road a real adventure we continue to travel up into a world of trolls and fairies in 1900 during the World Exhibition in Paris the 24 kilometer long legged anger vagin was declared to be a masterpiece of road design we travel pass waterfalls lakes and tiny settlements up as well as down at the bottom there’s a fjord and also a ferry service next we climb another steep and winding road it’s an interesting journey that is taking us back to the coast most of these small canyons have a story to tell and our driver often stops to explain them to us then suddenly the rain turns to snow at this is during summer finally Nordau the highest point everyone wants to touch the snow and take photos a spectacular mountain road winds along 11 bends and into a valley the thralls diggin the valley winds down into the easter doll the white landscape is replaced by green vegetation and then houses gradually appear the wild mountain world has been left behind us again we have arrived at sea-level and must cross the fjord by ferry boat trondheim is Norway’s historic capital a city in which Norway’s kings have been crowned and also a bishops seat the pulsating heart of Norway here one can sense the proximity of the Polar Circle and the sunsets only for a short time beneath the horizon in summer it never gets completely dark here more than a thousand years ago the Viking chief Olaf who was also responsible for the introduction of Christianity to this region founded the country’s first capital city of need eros its strategic location made it ideal as a trading center indeed this has been so right up to the present day after the city center was destroyed by a devastating fire it was rebuilt at that time the mouth of the river near delver with its colorful warehouses on posts was given a new drawbridge that leads into the old town various administrative buildings indicated the city’s prosperity the new Dara’s Dom kike is the most splendid Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe it was built on the bones of Holy Olaf the several centuries it’s been a place of pilgrimage since the Middle Ages the Norwegian kings were crowned and also entombed here but since 1906 the monarchy has opted out of the formal crowning ceremony the adjoining palace of the archbishop is like a castle no wonder it was once the center of ecclesiastical power today Trondheim is a blossoming city plagued fire and the problems caused by German traders in Bergen are no more the Reformation also caused problems here pilgrims stayed away and with them their money and the Catholic Archbishop fled however the city managed to survive large harbour complexes were built and the railway line to Oslo with steam ships that traveled as far as Hammerfest a city with a colorful history an inescapable charm again we must travel by small boat this time to Holland’s furin and again the rain and wind turn the journey into Endora good venture we travel past artificial fish basins salmon are bred here they’re extremely popular but in short supply then it appears at the end of the Ford thus far Tizen glacier known as the black ice it’s the second largest glacier in Norway and derived its name from its dirty appearance in recent decades the glacier has gradually been melting and is not quite dangerous due to its uneven and hazardous surface sheep graze peacefully on the pebble fields that have been deposited by the glacier and there’s a remote farmhouse close to a small jetty a final view across this amazing reminder of the last ice age then we travel by bus along the banks of the fjords the numerous waterways that stretch deep into the hinterland these deep blue and calm waters originated from flooded glacier valleys they often surrounded by rugged yet beautiful mountain landscapes again and again captivating isolated Bay’s come into view a good place for a swim if it was warmer suddenly the Sun appears between dark clouds and the water on the rock walls gleams in the Sun we passed salt straumann we’re huge masses of water from the sea in the fjords appear to battle against each other a land full of contrasts enchanting and silent powerful and wild the islands of the gods for the legendary Vikings the Lofoten situated in the extreme north of Europe have always been a special place our journey in the Lofoten begins with the arrival of the stumps and we’re stopping here for only a few minutes with 1,400 inhabitants starsand is the main fishing village of this group of islands although the surrounding fishing rods contain an abundance of fish the industry that once flourished here is not as prosperous as it once was many of the local people have found work in the fish processing industry in stamps and alas the Lofoten fishing industry exists no more as the cod became over fished new sources of income had to be found now for much of the population tourism provides a lucrative alternative to the traditional fishing industry of bygone times the picturesque beauty of this group of islands located just off the Norwegian coast has lost nothing of its age-old fascination and colorful sense of history the small village of new sod is located in front of a captivating backdrop of mountains due to its unique location it looks more like a high mountain village than a fishing settlement the village is both in historical as well as a cultural treasure almost all of its buildings date back to the 19th century and at that time its entire population worked in the fishing industry this village was at its most prosperous in the 19th century news fiord had a post office a cafe and even a prison and since 1907 has had its own power station today it is more like a living museum and an increasing number of fishing huts known as rawa are gradually being abandoned stockfish and cod are still in spite of decreasing numbers the most important and most famous exportable of Thornton despite their remote location the Nafferton have always attracted settlers the first were not the Vikings but an ancient people who arrived on these islands 7,000 years ago our next stop is the village of sunt with its pleasant harbor that’s well protected by rocks as with each settlement of the Lofoten the former wealth of sunt that is evident in its colorfully decorated buildings was based on the abundance of fish that once existed in the waters close to the village you the fishermen here still go out daily those who live in the heart of this natural landscape are fortunate indeed there are few other groups of islands in the north of Europe that enjoy such a beautiful setting due to rough seas the west coast was once uninhabited however people gradually began to settle in a number of sheltered bays at the end of the low-fat highway at the southern point of Moscone soy island is the picturesque village of ah the red of the houses adds interesting contrast to the surroundings they’re mainly dominated by grey rock this place has also become well-known due to its unusual name the inhabitants of art a proud of the fact their village has the shortest Dame in the world the fishing village museum consists of 23 buildings that date back to the 19th century here visitors can learn of the fishermen of bygone times the remarkable mountain scenery of this region is one Villa photon’s most beautiful landscapes the LeFort travaille king museum in borg is one of the most famous and most visited tourist attractions of the Lofoten 20 years ago a farmer discovered some broken pieces of pottery here little by little archaeologists excavate the remains of the largest viking house that has ever been discovered in the viking museum visitors can even sample the life of the vikings for this there is an authentic dragon boat in the bog Poland estuary this region was inhabited by the Vikings for several years in recent times archeologists have found the remains of numerous dwellings here the Vikings those strongly built fears Norseman men who settled in the bays of norway they raided the coasts of Europe – as far as the Mediterranean the discovery and Borg is unique it is the only dwelling of a Viking chief that’s ever been found the roots the mountains and the sea combined as one and form a wonderful harmonic unity that’s extremely inspiring that’s why so many artists come to capture the Magnificent landscape of the Lofoten you the journey to Hennings fire is a real experience as most of the road has been blasted into the rock wall and it also boasts two splendid bridges many refer to it as the Venice of the north a slight exaggeration but the beauty of this village is certainly not in dispute the final destination of our journey in the Lofoten leads to the capital of this remote archipelago it’s difficult to leave this wonderful scenery the origins of slow buyers date back to the Middle Ages phishing played an important role in the life of what was then a village the largest village of this group of islands has now adapted itself to the tourist industry and it’s also a center of transport in the 19th century Slover was an important North Sea ferryboat Harbor little has changed just that the Hurtigruten ferry boats have become bigger and dock here several times a day the journey on one of the Hurtigruten ferry boats the travel between Bergen and coconuts beyond the North Cape is one of the most beautiful sea journeys in the world there’s no hustle and bustle in the harbour and the entire city is tranquil and relaxed the arrival of huge male boats here is part of everyday life you as are the large ships in the small harbor the huge ships slowly move out of the sheltered Harbor one of the most beautiful sections of the hurting route travels through a small passage between the islands we travel past small houses situated on the cliffs and the traditional wooden racks where in both autumn and winter the local codfish is dried the ships lobby is decorated with pictures of kings and queens it’s all very regal the eight decks of the new ship are easily accessed by way of a glass elevator modern comforts have also reached the traditional male boats while the colorful coast slowly passes by a tasty dinner is served this is the life the view of the coast and it’s snow peak Martens and forested slopes is quite outstanding today modern technology has been introduced to the Hurtigruten fleet that was first established a century ago the boat glides always silently through the water past an enchanting landscape the Hurtigruten male boats have helped to improve the living conditions of those living on the coast who would otherwise be cut off from the outside world the Polar Circle baptism ceremony takes place a traditional event with a lot of added humor you the god of the sea pause iced water onto various heads then everyone has given something to drink a certificate and a photograph of the ceremony then follows a dance and the cool evening breeze the Midnight Sun sinks just a little beneath the horizon what an incredible sight our male boat reaches the next Harbor on schedule our journey into the North will last for several days on the first Street of the realm as the hurty route was known in earlier times Hastert is the capital of the vesterålen Island the northern continuation of the Lofoten Islands a relatively new town with 22,000 inhabitants the population began to increase in the herring years when in bhagavad it was possible to catch herrings with a pitchfork when the fishing industry fell into decline the shipbuilding and textile industry has provided employment and the workers were quite well-off well preserved warehouses indicate successful past trade and numerous ferry boats travel from here to various islands all is peaceful today Harstad is the main center of Norway’s oil and gas industries its administrative buildings are located here but we’re not yet in the extreme north the journey continues Tromso the capital of the Nordic alot is also known as the Gateway to the icy and also the gateway to the Arctic due to its geographical location in the extreme north of Norway part of the last big town before the North Pole is situated on the mainland and the remainder on some islands just off the coast the ice sea cathedral with its unique architecture and the largest glass painting in Europe has since its consecration in 1965 become one of Toronto’s most popular attractions it was built of glass and concrete and symbolizes the elements of the local landscape light ice and constant change the harbor is the main source of income and trans Oh many industrial companies have come here the export of fish navigation and various service industries all provide a good income here no other harbour in the world has seen the start of as many polar expeditions as this one the Polar Museum is an old and protected wooden building various images depict past life in this vast wilderness old tools and weaponry are exhibited and whale hunting and the killing of seals has also featured written records and the objects taken to numerous expeditions to the North Pole awaken the spirit of adventure there’s a special exhibition that features rod Amundson and the Northwest Passage Tromso is a city of the superlative it covers the largest man-made surface north of the Polar Circle it boasts the northernmost University and brewery it is often referred to as the Paris of the north as almost anything can be bought here and the shops are extremely tempting however the proximity of the Arctic is always obvious the older churches of the mainly Protestant population have been adapted to the region’s climate the italian general novel a surveys the market square he once traveled to the North Pole on his ship the Italia but in a disaster at sea had to be rescued the city has many young people so the number of bars and nightclubs here is far larger than anywhere else in Norway Hummer vest the northernmost harbour in Norway is also the northernmost town in the world there is no ice in winter and in summer the Midnight Sun in the city hall one can join a special organization the Royal Ice Bear Club the church is similar to the icy cathedral in Tromso in summer organ concerts are performed here each day in 1789 hammerfest was given the freedom of the city in 1809 it was destroyed by the English Navy and in 1890 it was devastated by fire and in 1945 the German army also wrought havoc here but the city was rebuilt and although the houses are somewhat modest their inhabitants live a contented life in this remote land most of the employment here is provided by the Findus frozen food company it has a thousand employees however this could change as the large gas fields in the Barents Sea expand a Nordic boomtown could develop here 71 degrees 10 minutes 21 seconds the north cape is truly magical it is the destination of each and every journey north the plateau tars 300 meters above the Polar Sea however it’s still 2100 kilometers from the North Pole most of the time the wind blows here and it’s foggy the modern north cake hall however is comfortable and warm here visitors can learn how the treacherous north cape was discovered you a unique post-office cells special steps on our return to civilization we meet a summer family with their tent and reindeer they live in the extreme north in the land of the Sami here on the northern edge of Europe this independent people has found their final permanent home they live here with their reindeer kkeok Ellis is not only the last Norwegian town before the Russian border but also the point of return for the Hurtigruten they returned to Bergen until 1828 the small town was situated in the Norwegian Danish Russian district but thanks to the opening of Russia Kirk Ellis is now again Norway’s gateway to the east the ore mines are closed for the harbor is still open the town’s houses and churches were rebuilt after 1944 in typical North Norwegian post-war style fifty years of living behind the Iron Curtain could not be easy for the people of this region but it was perhaps this that accounts for their reserves nature in the 20th century Kirkus had to endure no less than four wars today always tranquil once again in front of the city gates on the banks of the Jakob river we set off on our final adventure the barren Safari we travel 11 kilometres by boat to the Russian border this would once have been impossible but today the Norwegians and the Russians live in peace the journey ends at a small jetty on the Russian border in winter the temperature here is often minus 40 degrees Celsius and in summer 25 degrees just a few more steps to the border our guide explains what happened here during the Cold War when snipers ensure that no one went anywhere near the border next we arrived at a small Hut where a special extreme north barbeque has been prepared opti and fish cooked on charcoal the wonderful River landscape at the northern edge of the world is gloriously track row a natural paradise in the remote and unspoiled Tundra Plateau looking at the landscape it’s easy to understand why the descendants of the Vikings are so proud of their fascinating home and the extreme north Norway a country bursting with breathtaking and untamed beauty you you