Travel Guide

Austria (Europe) Vacation Travel Guide

Austria situated in the heart of Europe. it has much to offer. high mountains and alpine pastures in the West. Mediterranean Lakes in the south and scenic plains in the east. a land of majestic buildings and of the rural culture of past centuries.

travel guide to austria

a country with an eco-friendly tourist industry and where nature conservation is top priority. our journey begins in Vienna, former royal residence and the capital of Austria. the mighty Stefan storm towers up 60 meters into the sky, at its center is a large and splendid gate. a most impressive sight within the cathedral is the Vina noise Tata utter the tomb of Emperor Friedrich the third.

and the pulpit of Master anton pilgrim who has immortalized himself here. the paw Merlin is the second-largest church bell in Western Europe and was made from Turkish canons. for over 300 years Vienna was the residence of the Emperor and the nobility had their fine palaces built here.

the city was dominated by Baroque architecture. Melting parts of the old monarchy, Vienna was regarded as the world’s fifth largest city before the First World War. the Hofburg was the residence of the royal family.

it was the legislative center of the city, multifarious buildings 18 wings, 19 courtyards and more than 2,500 rooms. the mighty central coupler of the national library, spans 30 meters high above the most beautiful reading hall in the world. And each day white lipids honest aliens are trained in the spanish riding school.

the imposing Rondo of the neuen Hofburg represents one half of the building that was never completed. the error is also the world capital of classical music and Art Nouveau. and its Opera House is the most famous building of rings fasten design.

after the stephansdom, the carska is the most important religious building in vienna. construction of this excellent example of european baroque, was made at the command of the imperial throne during the year of the plague in 1713.

A four kilometer long boulevard the ring Strasse encircles the city center. a wonderful blend of architecture classical antique cathedral gothic, Renaissance and Baroque. the Parliament and City Hall an impressive gothic building.

The Burgtheater and votive caca,also made their mark on the Ringstrasse er. Splendid garden palaces such as the Belvedere and the summer palace of the Habsburg adjourn bloom are now among the city’s most popular tourist destinations.

The palaces 1,700 well-preserved rooms once accommodated the royal family and the entire royal household. the route up the hill is flanked by various water features and leads to the glory ex, a pavilion with marvelous views.

The Schonbrunn zoo is of baroque design. its enclosures have been well adapted to the needs of the animals. it’s the oldest menagerie in the world and in 1882 a glass house for the royal plant collection was built here. At the World Exhibition in 1896 a 64 meter high big-wheel was erected at the western end of the plata.

An entertainment park that continues to please both young and old alike. a perfect way to spend an evening is to visit a uragan. A bar in which wine is served with simple but hearty food. Vienna is an adventure and a pleasure for all the senses.

Glug nits is the starting point of a fascinating train journey on the simmering bar. this unique railway in the Austrian album Borland has been an operation for more than a hundred and fifty years. With the invention of the railroad in the 19th century, it was possible to cover large distances at far greater speed. construction of a railroad across mountain terrain posed a major problem.

In the 19th century the construction of a railroad across Semmering was a risky business.however that did not perturb Carl Ritter von Jagger. the remarkable views were most likely not fully appreciated by the builders of the simmering railroad as their task was arduous and quite a challenge.

The railroad to the semi rink pass contains 16 viaducts, more than a hundred bridges and 15 tunnels. it was a daunting task. 20,000 workers were engaged to complete the work. the line was inaugurated after only six years and a bright future lay ahead.

With the creation of the simmering railway,this once remote mountain region suddenly became far more accessible and soon developed into a popular summer retreat for Vienna’s elite. old steam engines were replaced by electric trains. this old railway line is a successful harmony of Technology and nature.

Close to the simmering around a hundred kilometers from Vienna is Schnee. perc a popular holiday destination for the Viennese in both summer and winter. From poke bug one of the oldest rack railways in Europe travels up the mountain and almost 10 kilometer long section with a 20% gradient.

Since 1897 steam and diesel engines have climbed slowly up the mountain several times a day along this railway line,that in its day was a major technical accomplishment. The Schnee berg is the highest mountain in lower austria and the eastern most 2000 meter high mountain in the Alps.

The highest point the cost of oppan is two thousand and seventy six meters. above sea level. when the weather is fine the striking lines of the limestone mountain can be seen from as far away as Vienna numerous paths crossed the remote regions of this unspoiled mountain landscape.

Since 1873 Vienna has been linked to a water pipeline that is still in operation today, so the population of Vienna is able to enjoy fresh spring water straight from the mountains. The Vaako, 36 kilometers of the danube delta with medieval old towns, castles and ruins.

A baroque monastery and an ancient vine growing culture. our journey of the vaca begins in stein, that is today part of Crim’s. this is the gateway to the vaca a unique section of the Danube. This medieval city contains a hundred and thirteen buildings.

The city’s facades and entranceways are decorated in traditional style. cremes even today is full of history. an important city set within a unique River landscape that for centuries was the only trading route between East and West.

Further downstream the valley becomes narrower and is even more beautiful. The blue-white church tower of Doolin Stein proudly welcomes those who visit the town. it’s one of the vikas main landmarks.the steep river valley and its terraced vineyards enjoy a temperate climate.

In Roman times, vines were cultivated in this picturesque area due to the region’s ideal growing conditions. Vicen kirkin has always been a wine growing center. the small village has a long and dramatic history. Its old houses and lanes look like the backdrop of a film set in medieval times.

Spitz Nestle’s picturesquely amid surrounding vineyards and the steep rock walls of the legendary Towson Diamond Mountain. the vineyards have brought much prosperity to the area. High above the ancient ruins of Augustine, looked down onto the Danube Valley.

This was once the domain of the robber Knights of the Kulin Rinker. they placed chains across the Danube in order to wail a passing ships prior to plundering them. mariya tougher, a place of pilgrimage also lies high above the valley.

Someone saw an angel fly into an oak tree and within its branches hung a picture of the Holy Virgin Mary. The last stage of our journey through the vaca leads to a cultural gem and a baroque work of Arts. Steve’s milk situated on a steep rock above the Danube both nature and architecture unite as one a monastic rock,a remarkable Benedictine monastery.

It’s not surprising that Umberto eCos novel, the name of the rose originated here. because milk is one of the most imposing monasteries in the Christian oxidant. A cleverly constructed spiral staircase leads down the monastery church the center of the monastery.

Yucca plant are built this gigantic baroque bulwark of faith and with it created an icon of Occidental monastery culture. all this is the vaca a gem created by the mighty Danube. Lits is the capital of upper austria, a dynamic industrial city with an old town that has a long history.

The third largest city in Austria is located on both banks of the Danube and several bridges linked the city. the celts settled in this area as did the romans who established a trading center for salt. since 1898 an electric mountain railway has traveled from the city and up the post lingburgh.

This railway line was another technical achievement with a 10-person gradient. the view from lenses 537 meter high mountain, explains why it’s called the city on the Danube at the edge of the Alps. the small pilgrims church in the distance is one of the city’s main landmarks.

Close by is one of the oldest towns in Austria styie, an old Ironton that is situated in a favorable location at the junction of the ends and style rivers.sturdy city walls with splendid gates protect the old town whose former inhabitants were made rich by the iron industry.

Lumbergh castle was first mentioned in the 10th century it’s situated in the oldest district above the town the counts that once resided here gave the neighbouring federal state of stariha its name. The large fortunes that were made here over the centuries are highlighted by the historic towns many old Civic houses that are still in good condition today.

The narrow lanes and long square give a feeling of security amid the historic surroundings. it’s as though these City Hall wishes to see everything that’s going on. Salzburg, a city of Bishops and of music and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Austria.

The cathedral is located in the heart of the city, this sacred baroque building is situated on the same site as the city’s first church. The city’s most famous address is without dart number nine four. It was here that the musical genius vote Gangamma des Mozart was born on the 27th of January 1756.

A huge fortress still dominates the old town horn Saltzburg. the largest fully preserved medieval fortress in middle Europe. Tangled and narrow lanes lead through the large palace that served as both a residence as well as a seat of government for clerical Regents.

Gold mining and the extraction of salt in the whole entire mountains created much prosperity in the region. medieval Salzburg became a German Rome an Italian looking city of early baroque design. a city of art and contemplation.

Even today the cultural image of the city on the South sac is dominated by more than a hundred churches castles and palaces. The clerical Regents and their master builders knew exactly how to impress those who visited the city.

And the Prince Archbishop’s of Salzburg ruled from the residence until 1803, a Paris of ecclesiastical power. the nearby schloss hellbrunn was the pleasure castle of prince-archbishop Marcus citta cos. a unique example of villa suburb honour based upon its model in Italy.

But the main attraction is the water garden, an interesting place with stunning water features. Saltzburg a remarkable baroque gym. Basalts comma guts is located in the heart of Austria, a wonderful and romantic landscape set between breathtaking mountains and beautiful lakes.

In the middle-ages cent Wolfgang was one of the most visited pilgrimage destinations in Central Europe having attracted 70,000 of the faithful here each year. Fom San Wolfgang a small train, travels up the shaft Berg the main landmark of the salt scammer Goods.

This railroad is five kilometres long and rises to a height of 1795 meters above sea level, on the summit there are fabulous panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. in the Ice Age huge glaciers led north. they carved out wide valleys deep basins and high mountains.

When the masses of ice finally melted they left behind this splendid landscape gentle valleys crystal-clear lakes and rocky terrain the village of Monty is surrounded by fertile meadows and the buildings were their rural baroque and Rococo facades are a captivating sights.

The lake is 11 kilometres long and 70 metres deep it has a relatively warm temperature due to its sheltered location and total lack of inlets from cold mountain rivers the salt producing town of gunden is the true gateway into the celtic a maggot and is also a popular tourist destination here salt arrives from hallstatt and RC in the early 19th century the salt was loaded onto one of the country’s first horse-drawn railroads and transported to the Danube Baltic Castle is located on a small island guman Don’s main landmark the area in the southeast of the Salzkammergut is known as alciel and and the health resort of bad RC is the center of this region and since 1850 has offered mud and brine therapies. At the beginning of the 19th century Bad Ischl was simply called Ischl but a local doctor began to use salt water to treat miners who suffered from rheumatism the Austrian Emperor’s personal physician took an interest in the treatment and Ischl subsequently became a health spa along with numerous artists and the like the imperial court soon put bad ischl into the Austrian health spa map. The Ducks time a fabulous world of rock and ice imposing and majestic it’s interior full of fascinating caves. As the level of the groundwater reduced this huge ice cave became accessible to scientists today it’s one of the largest ice caves in the world a veritable paradise in the heart of Europe. Similar to afford the house Darcy extends in front of the picturesque hallstatt this region was first settled in ancient times a unique mixture of millennia old culture and beautiful scenery crowned by a village of historic importance. For many years the village could only be reached by rowing boats or on foot. Precious mountain salt has decisively influenced life in how start from around 1500 BC to the present. The historic buildings are now protected monuments and the welcoming facades of the dwellings have graced this atmospheric village since the sixteenth century it’s market probably dates back to the 14th century archaeological finds from the nearby surroundings indicate that this area was already settled by man from around 5,000 BC so the term housed our culture was born.

Latura a picturesque federal state in the west of Austria one of the most beautiful areas in Europe and set within the Magnificent Alps. It’s bull is the most famous town in what is known as lower land it was once a prosperous mining town but today it’s a world-famous ski resort that’s also popular in the summer months.

Next we arrive in antara in Toth and imposing fortress towers above the town of the same name Coosh Steen a small town on the green in River that is the theme of many traditional songs for centuries this border town was the cause of some hostility between Bavaria and the turul and the fortress has seen many a bloody battle with foreign foe in just 45 minutes the are conceived on travels from yeonbok in the in town up to the Arkin see the biggest lake in the turo the oldest track railway in the world was inaugurated here in 1889.

The boats on this Tyrolean fraud are waiting for their passengers that silly tile opposite the Arkin see is the most popular and best known holiday region and material that Silla tada Hawkins Plaza is one of the most beautiful high mountain roads in Austria and a special attraction is the journey up to the tiny Samsa tile to the imposing Schlage ice water reservoirs returning to the Intel we visit ha a medieval town whose old town is one of the best-preserved in the whole of Europe and where the world’s first large silver coin was minted at the junction of unter in Thailand over inter is the tear old metropolis of Innsbruck the Florence of the north and the capital of the mountains. The golden Darko is the city’s main landmark a splendid stone balcony with a slanting roof whose copper tiles shine out in the sunlight and from which he derived its name Emperor Maximilian the first briefly made this city the center of the Habsburg a realm he transferred his residence from Marin to Innsbruck. The half kicker was meant to be his tomb but black figures god Aquino Tov an empty sarcophagus because Emperor Maximilian was buried in the veena Noi Stars and his horse in gate after his death power reverted to Vienna the journey north leads across the fan pass to Ashford a romantic tourist destination close to the German border at the foot of the souk Spitzer and protected by the Vettes teen mountains the imposing mountain station at the top of it sook Spitzer has an Hotel a panoramic restaurant at a meteorological station that can today also be reached from the German side at a length of 65 kilometers the earth style is the longest Valley in the Intel.

The earth style became world-famous due to the discovery of a mummy the man in the ice who was known as Etsy and who perished in the high Alps Pat’s tan is the name of a high alpine valley in the West in the upper Pat’s non tile is ishka that is located at an altitude of 1400 meters above sea level this former agricultural village has now developed into a chic winter sports resort at the end of the valley and at an altitude of 1500 meters is the small village of Gault OA at the foot of the striking silver Etta massive the albergue is situated at the end of the Tirol son Christoph lies close to the pass since the Middle Ages there’s been an in here that has sheltered travelers on a dangerous journey across the mountain the precarious road that leads to sewers was constructed in 1900 and 300 metres further on is left the most famous village in the albergue region tourism gradually developed and brought the mountain regions a different kind of wealth cable cars and the mountain lifts were built and visitors arrived in their thousands each season of the year this popular Alpine holiday region attracts visitors from all over the world. Wauw albergue is the westernmost federal state in Austria this paradise in front of the albergue begins in the rugged valleys of the Alps that meet in blue dense a traffic junction that is also the Gateway to the Mont Afon despite many devastating fires and several rulers this beautiful old town still has it’s very own medieval charm that can be seen in its ancient lanes arcades castles and churches along with its various valleys the monta fun is one of Austria’s most popular tourist destinations the history of settlement here began with a vulture who built their houses in the mountain slopes small mountain villages originated such as the Bartolo Marburg settlement with it’s fine’ historic churches to the west the land opens up from the fortress there’s a wonderful view across failed care that looks like an old oil painting here it’s easy to imagine medieval knights and the life of bygone times the beautiful Civic houses of the well-preserved old town with their atmospheric arcades and fresco covered facades indicate that the city’s history is still very much alive mighty fortified gates such as the turret or and the mullet or as well as the Pulver term and it’s ICA’s they’re witness to former times that were far from peaceful the small tile is located at the foot of the medieval chaton burg where once the megalomaniac counts of Montfort’s caused much grief to the population. The brigade’s a vault in the northern part of Vorarlberg is an area of the Alps that has managed to retain its natural splendor green hills valleys and mountains here tradition is important as indicated by the old farmhouses traditional rural clothing and local dialect typical of the abrecan’s of old are its mountain farms the many churches and chapels that adorn the landscape demonstrate the deep face of the local people since 1923 Bregenz has been the capital of or albergue it’s a small town on the eastern banks of the bodensee close to Germany Switzerland and Liechtenstein.

The Celts settled here and was subsequently driven out by the Romans in the Middle Ages the counts of break-ins and Montfort’s ruled this area in 1451 Brigance became part of the Habsburg er and during the 30 Years War the Swedes destroyed the town. Settlements close to water often have a special appeal thus an opera festivals staged by the waters of the bodensee has proved to be a highly popular event. On our journey south we visit kaprun this former mountain farm village became well-known due to the massive water tanks that were built here. In the 1920s it was decided to collect the melting water of the glaciers and harness them in a power plant at an altitude of more than 2,000 meters above sea level.

Both Mountain Lakes is surrounded by rocks and thus blend harmoniously into the landscape only the dams themselves show man’s intervention. The huge dams are up to a hundred and 20 meters high and at the base 70 meters wide the reservoirs contained between 81 and 85 million cubic meters of water around 8000 people worked on this major project in the high mountains under extremely harsh conditions the power plant was celebrated as a miracle of technology and it’s a major technical achievements. South of the fill baton is Easter Oh a fascinating and mainly untouched natural landscape that since the Treaty of Sanger mine has been the part of the turul that geologically belongs more to Carinthia the route from Enoch Slusser up to the gross vinegar Glacia is quite arduous but eventually the glazier makes it all worthwhile huge waterfalls and a bird of prey sanctuary our highlights of the calcite are that is situated on the western side of the Grouse block man. The vehicon tile with its main village of vagin is a cultural gem with wooden houses and various fine buildings and the pilgrims church of maria Schnee in Oberman is famous for its well-preserved gothic frescoes that are like something from a religious picture book. Visitors to unbar can visit the waterfalls of the same name by way of horse and carriage the waterfalls plunge wildly into the depths below sankt fight in the defrag and tile is the highest health resort in the region. A cable car leads up to the bruegger arm from where the view extends across the breathtaking mountain world of Easter all a real paradise set in the high Alps several mountain pastures have over 2,000 meters above sea level provide a welcome break for exhausted walkers such as yog Hassan one of the oldest mountain pastures in Austria that’s still in use. L-e-e-et’s is the capital of Easter all this mighty castle of the counts of gutter guards the main square that was once used by the Celts IRA’s and Romans. Most of the buildings of this enchanting old town date back to the high season of the Middle Ages here southern Flair and religion are omnipresent [Music] the site of this famous mountain village at the foot of the grouse Glockner is truly captivating heiligenblut the celts and the romans searched for gold and silver here. From the yosef sure there’s a spectacular view over the past at sea the longest glacier in the eastern Alps that is located beneath the highest mountain peak in Austria. But the dramatic warming of the atmosphere in recent years has also managed to affect the past. at sea it’s now melting at an unprecedented rate. The gross Glockner high alps road travels through one of the greatest natural landscapes in the world the Horton National Park a remarkable mountain world in which nature is at its most glorious this is the most famous road through the Alps it crosses each of the climatic and vegetation zones of both Austria and the Arctic with Meadows forests mountain pastures rock and ice once the Celts travelled across this mountain summit followed by the Romans and later the Samba the Grouse Klockner has always been a source of fascination at the end of the 18th century the first attempts to conquer it proved unsuccessful but times have changed and it has now indeed been conquered and there’s even a high alpine road that travels across the mountains and through the horn thon. The extensive Houghton National Park covers no less than 2,500 square kilometers it’s one of the most impressive Alpine landscapes in Central Europe. The geology of the huntin has been influenced by numerous natural cataclysmic events including several Ice Ages numerous fertile meadows and indigenous animals indicate the presence of local mountain farmers. The discovery of copper and zinc and later iron ore attracted various settlers to this high mountain area each year the adil ik beauty of this Alpine region attracts a growing number of visitors this is hardly surprising as the region is a totally natural landscape that has for the most part been left unspoiled by man winter in the hotel National Park usually lasts for eight months but when summer comes the natural beauty of the Alps blossoms all around and those who come here can enjoy the relaxing atmosphere of pure nature. Carinthia is Austria’s southernmost federal state and borders both Italy and Slovenia the sunny heart of Europe Corinthians oldest city free sock has retained what must be the true ambience of the Middle Ages. Amid the landscape is a 150 meter high limestone rock it was settled during the Bronze Age burg Jaco Steve its castle was mentioned for the first time in 1200 AD it is the most famous Knights castle in Austria and served as a model for the Walt Disney movie Cinderella five kilometers north of Klagenfurt is an ancient building high above that Seoul felt this is the location of the impressive castellated church of maria saw.

The cultural heart of Austria has much to offer including this open-air museum Klagenfurt is the administrative center of Carinthia a middle class garden city that although it does not contain the fine buildings of the aristocracy does have a good helping of southern flair and the nearby vertice each year creates a magnificent atmosphere of summer following a devastating fire emperor maximilian the first handed over the city to its inhabitants corinthians real heart beats within the region around clock and foot that is surrounded by high mountain rages this is the Vorta sea Austria’s southernmost a Lakeland resort and one of the warmest lakes in Europe. With the Maria VAT Peninsula ad Velden the fine resort town that lies at the end of the Vorta sea yet the elegant lakeside casino doesn’t only attract the wealthy on the southern shore line of the OCR kasi is the stiffed OCR a Benedictine monastery that was built in 1028 and is probably the oldest in Austria. Villa Gateway to the south located on the banks of the river draw this the second largest city in Carinthia is full of busy traffic making its way to nearby Italy between the carnation Alps and the Lancer Dolomites the river guile has created a deep canyon the less active a picturesque valley that is also known as the valley of a hundred mills and isolated and unknown paradise set amid captivating and untouched mountain scenery.

Amid the Nok bergen is the mill statice. In 1469 the order of the gorge nights shows mil start as the center for a rebellion against the invading turks later follow the Jesuits due to their high demands on the local population they caused a rebellion among the local farming community from the Myrtle a cable car travels to infinity an adventurous journey into the mountain world of rice Ecch from here there are various pathways that seem to lead to the heavens to a rock-strewn mountain world a celebration of both earth and sky for thousands of years a small River created one of the most beautiful sites in the Alps the ragga Canyon here the natural power of water cut its way through the stony mountainscape an impressive demonstration of the incredible power of nature aprea is famous for its mills on these steep mountain slopes one mill was built upon another in order that they could each utilize the water par from a single source.

One of the most individual and finest landscapes in Carinthia is situated north east of the mill statice the Nok burger that was designated as a national park in 1987 along with the splendid knock arm. The magic of this landscape is reminiscent of ancient legends that tell the vows Perkis nacht it was said that dancing witches and wizards once met here with a courageous treasure hunter who attempted to discover the secret hiding place of a vast treasure buried within the mountains however the treasure still remains undiscovered the National Park covers 216 square kilometres and includes the NOK Becker with its green hills and characteristic forests of larch and swiss stone pine. Well-maintained roads that blend into the landscape make it possible to explore the park by car.

Pathways lead to mountain pastures and across flower field mirrors the natural aroma of the mountain landscape relaxes both body and soul fortunately the wonderful unique mountain landscape of this high plateau that is almost tundra-like has been well protected despite heavy bureaucracy. Grotz is the capital of stariha the second largest city in Austria and European Capital of Culture in 2003 both the Celts and the Romans used the Schlossberg for various rituals and since 1894 there’s been a railway line here.

The mountain could also be negotiated on steps carved into the rock on the Schlossberg summit is a clock tower the main landmark of Graz the view across the city’s red rooftops makes it easy to understand why this old town has been designated as a World Heritage Site Graz boasts the largest and most well-preserved medieval city centre of any german-speaking city but it’s also a city of Italian Renaissance design the land house is the city’s most famous example of this is originated from several buildings close to the land house there was also an armory.

In 1699 this Standish at soy cows contained more than 185,000 objects the most spectacular project of his cultural capital of 2003 is situated in front of the minarets monastery on the river mujer a Conchie island Emperor Friedrich 4/3 had this Gothic cathedral built in 1438 as both the church for the city’s inhabitants and also for the royal court it’s located next to the castle the magnificent late baroque altar the imposing pulpit and the Rococo style organ are only a few of the many treasures of this religious building Graz a city of age-old traditions.

Burgenland is the easternmost federal-state in Austria and isin stars is its capital it was the hometown of Eos of heightened it was once the end of Europe close to the Iron Curtain but today this small town on the edge of the panic plains is a prosperous trading and cultural town whose old district still possesses its original charm. The well-preserved castle of the former monarch the count of Esther hartsey is today the setting for numerous concerts and festivals the nearby noise seedless II is a huge shallow lake in western Pannonian it is not only the National border between Austria and Hungary but also the geographical border between East and Middle Europe the lake is a Nature Reserve that is unique in Europe it features a number of reeds as well as an untouched wildlife and plant Kingdom with an assault savanna of swamps and ponds that in 1997 was designated as a World Heritage Site the small villages of this region have retained their traditional way of life with farms and agricultural produce as well as their livestock and lush grazing pastures the area has a favorable climate ideal for the local vineyards roost is proudly called the city of wine as around 500 hectares of vineyards surround the fresh start this splendid old baroque town is a protected monument.

Stalks also add to the popularity of this region they return here each spring to build their nests in the chimneys of the local buildings. This traditional area that is quite different from many other parts of Austria marks the end of our journey a journey that has shown us Austria’s many phases although this former powerful realm of the Habsburg er is now a relatively small country its history traditions and the diversity of its remarkable landscapes have retained their irresistible allure Austria will always be the majestic land in the very heart of Europe.

Travel Guide


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Travel Guide

Ultimate Travel Guide to Canada

From sea to sea The True North strong and free. A land of breathtaking sights inspiring diversity and deeply rooted histories. The only way to believe it, is to see it for yourself. From gravy cupboard french fries, to astonishing natural sights.

canada travel guide


Join us as we discover this North American gem and reveal what makes this country a legend amongst travelers. explorers, are you ready? welcome to Canada. let’s start with the basics. Nearly 36 million people call Canada their home. While that may sound like a lot of people, the nation covers a massive 9.9 8 million square kilometres, making it the world’s second largest country after Russia.

The country also leads the world in education with over half of Canadians holding a college degree. there are two official languages in Canada, French and English. in primary school it’s a requirement for English speakers to learn French, in order to foster bilingualism and speaking both languages will come in handy when you visit the predominantly french-speaking province of Quebec.

But it’s not your only option for a good time. Canada has nine other provinces and 3 territories that its residents call home. across this expansive and geographically diverse landmass where you can find everything from mountain ranges to Prairie lands, you’ll discover that Canada also has more freshwater lakes, that the rest of the world’s lakes combined.

So many lakes in fact that the country has simply numbered many of them as opposed to providing each of them with their own name. and not only our Canadians some of the friendliest people you’ll ever meet they also share the largest unprotected border in the world.

These days the country is proud to celebrate its impressive backdrop with over 15 million travelers every year. Let’s find out what adventure awaits you in Canada. adrenaline junkies need to look no further to find experiences that are sure to get their heart thumping in their chests.

If you’re a fan of winter activities then consider yourself especially lucky. in Western Canada, there are world-class mountains ripe for skiing and snowboarding, from the famous Whistler Blackcomb to Cypress mountain and big white.

You can’t call yourself a snow bunny if you haven’t conquered British Columbia’s slopes. if an invigoratingly chilly hike is more your thing, then embark on a glacier tour, tracking the rugged 10,000 year old ice fields of Alberta’s icefields parkway, one of the largest long polar ice fields in the world.

You’ll drive, click and drink from the staggeringly beautiful forces of Mother Nature. afterward you’ll certainly have earned that soak in bumps up our hot springs. winter time offers a never ending itinerary of exhilarating activities.

Travelers can go snowmobiling along starkly white trails or even skating down impressive natural ice rinks, like the widow canal in Ottawa Ontario. case in point: the Canadian winter does not disappoint thrill seekers. once the ice melts to consider a canoe or kayak ride on one of the country’s countless lakes and rivers.

Favorite spots of the locals include Lac volver in Fairmont Jasper Park Lodge and the Emerald waters of moraine lake, both of which can be found in the province of Alberta. though some would argue that the best places to explore via kayak and canoe would be the 29,000 kilometres of coastline in Newfoundland.

Including 9656 kilometers of Fay’s breathtaking fjords, guts and inlets that will leave you for struck. and on the note of majestic sights impressive wildlife runs of bound in the Canadian wilderness. you can go whale watching on the coast of Eastern Canada a particularly popular activity in Nova Scotia.

And while you’re enjoying the icebergs in Newfoundland you may even get to witness the quirky puffin populations mating season or travel into remote forests throughout the country to capture the sight of beavers, moose and bears of every variety.

Head to northern ontario and you may be lucky enough to listen to the calls of the provincial bird the loon. Once you’ve enjoyed the call of the wild it’s time to head back into Canada’s cities to partake in their unique festivals and cultural celebrations.

Every year people from all over head to Calgary Alberta to enjoy the Calgary Stampede, an annual rodeo exhibition and festival held each July. you will also want to witness the way of life of Canada’s First Nations people. attend a totem raising ceremony in British Columbia’s kids Ellis Canyon Historic Site, or head to Winnipeg and immerse yourself in native culture at the Manito Arby festival.

If you’re a music lover Canada will not disappoint you either. cross the Edmonton Folk Music Festival and Ottawa Blues Fest off your list while also swimming by the east coast to let the spirit of the region’s Celtic inspired music carry you away. but we haven’t forgotten about the sports fanatics.

Those of you who love the thrill of the game will want to catch a curling match or enjoy a game of hockey at Maple Leaf Gardens. once you’re truly chuck it out from all the exciting activities you’ve crossed off your bucket list, then enjoy a winery tour and find your nirvana.

Excellent locations to take a winery tour include Ontario’s Prince Edward County not to be confused with Prince Edward Island and of course niagara-on-the-lake. the bonus of visiting Niagara’s wine region is that you’re only a short drive away from the world-renowned Niagara Falls.

Now that we’ve addressed what to do once you arrive, we certainly need to share with you when to visit. despite popular belief Canada isn’t actually that cold winter runs strong from December through March with typically rainy spring weather occurring from April to mid-june.

Summer also the high season for tourism begins near the end of June and runs through nearly the end of September. Fall can last from October until close to the end of December depending on how Mother Nature feels each year.

You may think it risky to visit during fall as things can begin to get a little colder but taking the risk is the only way to witness the majesty of a potential Indian summer. Experience the scenic fall foliage where the country’s thick wooded areas begin to undergo dramatic transformations as the leaves change colors yet another year. remember cold temperatures can cause rapid fat-loss if you aren’t careful.

So don’t be afraid to double down on your carb intake, which serves as the perfect introduction to what one must eat and drink while exploring the country. in major cities like Toronto and Vancouver it’s not uncommon to find delicious Mexican Thai and Chinese food. all on the same street.

Though it’s the undeniably Canadian foods, such as poutine that the country is known for expertly deep-fried french fries drowned in the perfect ratio of gravy and cheese curds poutine is a spectacularly indulgent dish. next swap your traditional bacon for peameal bacon which comes from the pigs belly.

If you’re sitting down to breakfast don’t forget the authentic Canadian maple syrup which comes thick sweet and anywhere from amber to gold in color. if the thought of seafood makes you draw then get yourself to Eastern Canada to enjoy freshly caught lobsters, crabs and oysters.

On the west coast sit yourself down to mouth-watering servings of Pacific salmon, mackerel and black cod. we promise you won’t be disappointed. never want to shy away from desserts Canada also offers delicious doughnut holes beaver tails, which are flattened doughnuts covered in brown sugar and classic toppings like chocolate or butterscotch sauce and the truly unique Nanaimo bars.

But what will you drink to wash down all these belt-tightening treats. well the country has an irresistible craft brewery scene and of course classic beers like the pale lager Molson and India Pale Ale alexander keith’s should be sampled.

Perhaps you’re craving a truly unique drink if so try the distinctly Canadian beverage the Caesar which typically contains vodka Clamato juice hot sauce and Worcestershire sauce and is served with ice in a large celery salt rimmed glass, perfect to help pick you back up after a particularly rough night.

Oh and there’s nothing like enjoying a glass of iced wine after dinner. this dessert wine is made from grapes frozen on the vine and is popular in not only Canada but Germany as well. or if you’re looking to keep a clear head then sit down to a tall cold glass of apple cider from one of Ontario’s mini apple farms.

No matter how you choose to eat and drink your way around the country, one thing’s for sure you won’t be disappointed.with so many varied and inspiring landscapes to discover one visit to this incredible northern nation will surely not be enough.

Canada is the type of country that beckons to you again and again and will leave you breathless every single time. we hope these tips ensure that your next great Canadian adventure will be a truly astonishing one.

If you still can’t get enough then checkout days to come for more inspiration and travel tips. and if you’re ready to experience the country for yourself simply visit As they say in Canada well and a revoir for now.

Travel Guide

The Ultimate Travel Guide to Japan

Japan Land of the Rising Sun or Nippon to the locals. This stunning island nation will spirit you away to a place where modernity and history come together. A travel destination truly fit for an emperor. And for the indecisive traveler, the ones who want to see it all, and do it all, Japan is paradise.


travel guide to japan

Stay with us as tall radars ultimate travel guide reveals everything you need to see eat and do to ensure your time in Japan is both inspiring and things. are you ready? welcome to Japan. let’s start with the basics.

Japan is three hundred and seventy seven thousand nine hundred and seventy two square kilometers big, that’s smaller than California but larger than Germany and the country is made up of six thousand eight hundred and fifty-two islands, sixty-six percent of which are covered by trees that provide shade to the nearly 130 million people who call Japan their home.

Apart from shade, the Japanese also enjoy having the highest life expectancy in the world at eighty three point seven years. the country boasts the second lowest homicide rate after Iceland, that is listed in the Global Peace Index is top ten safest countries to call home.

It’s not unusual to see bikes left unlocked and lost wallets returned. however you should always remember to take the same precautions you would at home. and the Japanese speak well Japanese of course, we suggest learning some basic phrases since English is not widely spoken throughout the country.

Of course you can always rely on the Japanese for their exceptionally accommodating and victoriously polite demeanors to get you from point A to point B. after all the Japanese have three different ways of saying I love you and twenty different ways of expressing that they’re sorry.

During your visit, you’ll be paying for things in Japanese yen. Keep in mind that it’s fairly uncommon to pay for things using debit or credit cards. you may also be surprised to learn that access to public Wi-Fi is rare, so remember to bring an international SIM card or rental pocket Wi-Fi device.

For travel within Japan’s capital, the Tokyo Metro will be your main choice of transportation, welcoming more than six million passengers every day. however travel throughout Japan can be very expensive if you don’t plan ahead.

The easiest and cheapest way to get around the country is by using the Japan Rail Pass. this pass allows you unlimited access to most major railways around the country for one lump sum. and of course you’ll absolutely want to explore the country because well there’s something for everyone.

Fashion lovers have Tokyo’s had a juku bridge near Meiji Jingu shrine we’re on Sunday after business travelers can spoke Japanese youth dressed to the nines in impressively complex and extravagant clothing, not to be confused with cosplay.

Looking for a little live entertainment then witness the art of Kabuki the traditional Japanese theatre performance which combines dance, drama and elaborate makeup. or maybe you wish to take the stage. in that case stop by a karaoke bar in Tokyo’s roppongi neighborhood and enjoy your moment in the spotlight.

Big fan of sports then watching a game of baseball at the Tokyo Dome or big egg as the locals call it is a can’t-miss event. or maybe you’re the one seeking some adrenaline pumping activities, to cross off that bucket list.

Don’t worry Japan has you covered. forget Aspen and Whistler, the Japanese outs of a new place to ski. the snow is world renowned and the slopes come with unbeatable views. check out the hundreds of resort on the north island of Hokkaido and the main island of Honshu.

The most popular resort Niseko is a popular first choice for foreigners as it’s fairly English friendly. hiking is one of Japan’s national pastimes, so you absolutely must partake while visiting. You can start with shorter less intimidating trails in Kamakura which are only about three kilometers in length, and then work your way up to Japan’s highest mountain at three thousand seven hundred and seventy-six meters Mount Fuji.

This active volcano welcomes most of its climbers from July to October. the rest of the year the mountain is fairly treacherous for inexperienced climbers due to heavy snowfall. not a fan of the cold, then take some well-deserved me time and rejuvenate at an onsen.

Anson’s are Japanese Hot Springs whose steaming waters are naturally warmed by the country’s many volcanoes. the temperatures are hotter than a standard jacuzzi and combined indoor and outdoor bathing facilities for a truly unique experience.

Once your body is at ease you must visit Japan’s shrines and temples, each with their own impressive history. while these sacred buildings can be found just about anywhere, Kyoto is the ideal place to see them as this Prefecture alone is home to over 1,600 Buddhist temples and 400 Shinto shrines.

At the top of your list should be fushimi inari and toji temple. many temples even allow you to do a temple stay, where you will be immersed into the lifestyle of the Buddhist monk. other uniquely Japanese experiences include a visit to a cat cafe.

Ad a petting deer in nara and evening playing games of club sigue arcade in tokyo, studying the Geisha way of life in Gion and more. thanks to the country’s incredible length, there’s never a bad time to visit. you can go skiing during spring if you’re in the north, and then head down south to take a dip in the sea.

Spring runs March through May. it is often the most popular time to travel to Japan because of special festivities like Golden Week at the cherry blossom festival. locals will be on vacation throughout April and May, so booked accommodations and transportation in advance to avoid missing out.

Summer runs from June to August, but June and July are considered Japan’s rainy season in nearly every region aside from Hokkaido. you can expect oppressively humid temperatures nearly everywhere you travel, so be sure to pack breathable clothing.

Fall begins in September when the weather can be both unpredictable or typhoon ridden. October is a decent time to visit because the crowds will taper off and the humidity begins to disappear and the leaves begin to change. Winter begins in December and is a great time to travel to Japan, if you’re a fan of winter activities. New Year celebrations and small crowds.

The Japanese Alps the northern island of Hokkaido and the Japanese coast all get a lot of snow. so be sure to pack a winter jacket, sunglasses and the sort. you can expect to get little to no snow if you’re staying in Tokyo where average seasonal temperatures sit around five degrees Celsius.

No matter the time of year you’re always less than 500 meters from a great meal. but beware dining in Japan can be very different from what you’re used to. when you first enter a restaurant you can typically expect to be greeted with “irrashaimase” which means “welcome, please come in” in Japan

It’s not common for restaurants to have guests seat themselves, so wait to be guided. most restaurants in Japan offer western-style dining experiences, meaning tables and chairs. but many also have zashiki style dining settings which include low tables where guests sit on pillows on the floor and remove their shoes upon entry.

You will dine with a set of chopsticks and keep in mind that tipping is neither expected nor encouraged. Japan boasts plenty of gourmet restaurants for the connoisseurs among us. we’re a dinner out can cost more than 20,000 yen. to put that into perspective meals at an average restaurant cost between 1,000 and 3,000 yen. during lunch you can usually purchase set menus for about 1000 yen.

And they’ll leave you and your bank account just as contented. and what should you be sure to try during your visit, start with a serving of okonomiyaki pan-fried batter and cabbage topped with everything from seafood to cheese and sliced meat.

Next sample crunchy tempura made of deep-fried pieces of seafood and vegetables that have been cooked in canola and sesame seed oil. you will also have a variety of noodles to choose from ranging from ramen noodles to soba and Odin as well each varying in flavor and thickness.

And of course you couldn’t talk about Japanese cuisine without mentioning sushi, small rolls of vinegar flavoured cold cooked rice served with a garnish of raw fish, vegetables or egg. when it comes to drinks a beer in Tokyo will run you around 600 yen.

We recommend the classic three, Kirin, Sapporo or Asahi. the Japanese are also expert whiskey distillers, so don’t shy away from a sip of the good stuff. and there’s always sucky, Japanese rice wine served either hot or cold.

To nurse your impending hangover enjoy a cup of green tea or an iced coffee drink. once your first is quenched at your stomach full, you can get back to discovering everything this impressive country has to offer. A place truly frozen in time yet constantly evolving Japan will leave you breathless inspired and astounded.

We hope these tips ensure that your time in the Land of the Rising Sun is tanoshii. If you still can’t get enough then checkout days to come for more inspiration and travel tips. if you’re ready to experience the country visit As they say in Japan farewell, sayonara and mata ne!

Travel Guide

Kolkata (India) Vacation Travel Guide

Calcutta as it has been known since 2001 is the capital of West Bengal and also the second largest city in India. a city of contrasts that couldn’t be more striking, slums, poverty and degrading conditions. and nearby the wealthy who enjoy all the finer things of life.


travel guide to kolkata

once a humble village on the Hooghly River, Calcutta became the capital of British India. the heart bridge was built in 1943 and is today one of the city’s main landmarks. it’s seven hundred and five meters long 97 metres high and weighs two thousand five hundred and ninety tonnes.

each morning hundreds of people come to bathe on the banks of the Hooghly River a tributary of the sacred River Ganges in India rituals a part of daily life . each day around 3 million people cross the bridge while making their way from the huge Hara railway station to the center of Kolkata.

however nothing interrupts the bay this. close buys the flower market while many enjoy their sacred morning bathe others are already hard at work. freshly picked flowers are sold here, they shine out in vivid colors and their sweet scent fills the air as if attempting to adorn customers.

skillful hands create blossom necklaces that are to be used for sacrifice. religious sacrifice is still held high in Kolkata. others pack petals into bags that are first weighed and then transported to various parts of the city. in the heart of the city on the banks of the Hooghly River is the 400 hectare maiden park.

the city’s green lung and in its center Fort William. early morning to late evening the park is a popular meeting place. local people relax play and celebrate on green swathe and various tradesmen sell food and drink. horses and carriages are also available.

where today there are fountains and pretty flower beds in the early 18th century there was dense jungle but not anymore. in 1773 the British built Fort William. it replaced a previous fort that had been destroyed 17 years earlier. today it’s a somewhat unremarkable structure.

sheep graze in the park, they act as a natural-born ma and save the municipality of much expense. the horses rest in the heat of the day but he’s shady trees while men play football. the southern end of Maidan Park is dominated by an important building the Victoria Memorial. a domed building of white Rajasthan model. Kolkata’s splendid landmark a monument to Imperial self-assurance dedicated to the young Queen Victoria who never ventured to the Indian subcontinent. surrounded by well-laid-out Gardens a neoclassical building that looks like a combination of the Taj Mahal and the Washington Capitol gradually appears

Today of his fine building as a museum. the prince of wales laid the foundation stone and it was built by a British colonial Viceroy. its construction was funded by the aristocracy and bourgeoisie. close to the Victoria Memorial is the Orient’s first Anglican Cathedral, st. Paul’s. a remarkable sacred building

of Indo gothic design it was built between 1839 at 1847. a legacy of British colonial rule on the banks of the Gulf of Bengal. here English dignitaries business people and functionaries once met to attend church. a Christian island amid Hinduism Buddhism Islam and numerous natural religions.

the cathedral was destroyed twice due to earthquake in 1897 and in 1934 however it’s since been lovingly rebuilt. and this stylistic replica of the UK’s famous Canterbury Cathedral has managed to survive right up to the present day. with Florentine Renaissance frescoes marvelous stained-glass windows and traditional wooden pews. here beats the heart of Kolkata. once the original village of Kolkata in which the East India Company founded a British trading post in the 17th century.

the name of BBD square stands for the freedom fighters of Binoy Badal and Dinesh. ornate colonial buildings surround the square, such as that of the Supreme Court building. and the old government house that was once the financial and political center of the British Empire in India until Delhi became its capital city. with its large rotunda of the splendid main post office looks far from functional.

built in the 1860s it was designed by Walter Granville that is located on the site once occupied by an old fortress. the redbrick writers building was formerly the headquarters of the East India Company. from here trade was carried out across the entire world. and it was also the administrative center for Bengal Burma and Pakistan.

St. John’s Church is also closely linked with the history of the East India Company. job sharukh is buried here a British trader who in 1690 established the first trading post here. large white pillars support the roof of the city’s first church that was dedicated in 1787 and consists entirely of stone.

Based on Greek design, James created this historic church that serves as a meeting place for India’s British freemasons. although modest the interior of the church is decorated with impressive colored windows and paintings, and the pipe organ is said to be the best in the whole of India

some John’s church is a veritable masterpiece. the stone plates on the floor were brought from gander, and it’s very reminiscent of London San Martin in the fields. a journey around the edge of Kolkata takes us along the Grand Trunk Road through various street villages along Hooghly.

and the former trading settlements of both the Danes and the French. built in the 16th century the road contains a number of temples. once the entire court of the mongol monarchy travelled on this road from agra and delhi. the kana gabato is dedicated to the indian deity shiva.

this somewhat frightening deity is a most revered God and symbolizes collapse and destruction. this was once one of the most important roads in Asia and connected Kolkata in the east and Kabul in the north. we continue to travel through more Street villages and past old Caravan Sarai’s.

that have fallen into decay.

eventually we arrived at the first Danish settlement to set and pour its East Indian branch traded from here until Denmark’s possessions in India was sold to the British. while under Danish rules Serampore was an important center of culture and Serampore college on the banks of the Hooghly River published early texts in various Oriental languages and even today, Baptist theologians are educated here.

although in ruins the buildings indicate the wealth of their former owners but how did foreigners first come to west bengal. where the Ganges flows across the lower plains of West Bengal the river divides into many tributaries. the main one being the Hooghly that flows into the Bay of Bengal.

Since the 15th century this highly navigable river attracted Dutch Danish and British merchants. indeed their settlements transformed the riverbanks into a mini Europe. they also brought with them their various religions and thus there are a number of churches to be found here.

today much work is done to conserve these cultural treasures. later European traders also settled in the river villages of what is now Kolkata. within this somewhat neglected cemetery lighter bones of the First Baptist missionary in India, dr. William Carey.

he developed flora culture and gardening in this area and imported various seeds and plants. a little further up the river we arrived at Chandan Nagar, one of the first French settlements that still possesses the unique Flair of what was even then the brave new year.

former residents of the French administrative the duplex palace is situated on the riverbank and is now a museum and library, featuring the documents and artifacts of those bygone days. along the river of benches similar to those found in the parks of Paris and elephant heads decorate the splendid ghat of building with a sacred staircase that leads down to the Hooghly River.

a place with a religious as well as a social function here. the local people meet up for a chat and also performed cleaning rituals. the église to sacre-coeur with its images of Shanda and lured grotto is also reminiscent of Paris ,a gem set amid exotic surroundings.

will always splendour it’s too easy to glorify the former occupation of this region by European traders but it was not without its problems. now the local people occupy these once colonial areas and the final Davin OU’s are inhabited by Indians who have their own individual customers.

not far upriver we visit a further European settlement band l that was founded in 1580 by the Portuguese.  the most famous building in this region is this imposing church was consecrated in 1599. following its destruction in 1632 it was rebuilt along simpler lines.

people of all faiths visit this church and particularly the statue of the women of banned old. once this sacred place was destroyed by the army of the Mughal Emperor. the statue was stolen and then it became lost in the river. yet eventually, it appeared on a riverbank close to the church, amazing.

and now we return to Kolkata. after a tiring car journey the calm atmosphere of the Botanical Gardens is even more relaxing. it started to develop in 1786 through the planting of an impressive number of palm trees, cacti and ferns.

today ancient trees flanked numerous ponds connected by a network of water channels. in 1919 the main trunk of a huge banyan tree was struck by lightning and as a result around 300 air roots grew from its branches, quite a site today. Colonel Kidd of the East India Company would be astonished if he could see this place now and he’d almost certainly enjoy a boat trip here

Kalighat is the oldest pilgrimage destination in the world. narrow pathways lead to a shiva temple along with stalls selling souvenirs and religious offerings. this sanctuary was built in 1809 and is still busy today. taxis and bicycle rickshaws wait there were thousands of pilgrims that come here every day

According to legend shiva grieved for his dead wife. he carried her body on his shoulders while dancing and during the dance destroyed everything in his way. the god vishnu intervened and brought an end to the massacre by throwing his magic chakra upon sati. thus various body parts were cast far and wide.

and the spots upon which a small toll and and became the sacred Calicut. it’s believed that the name Kolkata was derived from the word Kalighat. the faithful wait patiently in long rows until it is their turn to enter the temple. in the mean time they look at images of Shiva and other deities on the walls of the temple. it is thought that animals continue to be sacrifice here.

but only the Hindus know the answer as they’re the only ones allowed to enter the temple. on a boat tour on the hookah River we’re reminded of the city’s history. and when English merchants joke sharukh founded a trading post in the river villages suit annuity in 1690.

soon the village was united with its neighboring villages of Govender poor and kali cotta. in the following 200 years this trading centre developed into one of the largest cities in the world. Victorian neo-gothic buildings churches and spacious boulevards appeared.

according to recent estimates Kolkata will soon contain the biggest population in India and indeed the entire world. it has an uncontrolled and constant influx of new inhabitants. today Kolkata has including commuters around 20 million people and the figure is still growing.

The mother to raise a mission, is one of the city’s most famous sights. it was here that the Albanian nun Agnes discovered her life’s work and it is also her final resting place. mother teresa’s order of charity cared for the dying and those suffering from leprosy and AIDS.

in 1979 she was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize and a year later with the American medal of Liberty. for the common people she was simply mother, no matter what caste or religion. and even today it was his still tranquil place with the poorest to the poor forgiving help and supports.

at weekends the zoological garden is extremely popular with local families hordes of people squeezed into the large animal park. when first built the animal enclosures were of the most modern design and competed with the best zoos in Europe.

the animals delight both young and old alike and the pelicans reveled in all the attention they’re receiving. a surprising mode of transport in Kolkata, trams and they’ve been here since the end of the 19th century. on the 24th of February 1873 the first horse-drawn tram left sealed our station a sensation in those days. electric trams were first introduced in March 1902 and they’re still in operation today.

although not very comfortable their quaint tinkling sound cuts through the hustle and bustle of the city. the colorful trams are full of nostalgia, and they’re also environment-friendly practical had their own characters of the city.

the oldest and largest museum on the Indian subcontinent is the Indian Museum. a magnificent colonial building with a wonderful entrance of the splendid staircase. it’s unique and comprehensive exhibits from each epoch and region were first collected in 1814 and since 1875.

they’ve been on display in this splendid building designed by architect Walter Granville. the skeletons of various dinosaurs in the zoological section are particularly impressive. as is the Egyptian collection that features the busts of Pharaohs numerous mummies and painted stone hits.

most of the exhibits two and a half thousand years old, precious artifacts from Hindustani civilisations. in the middle of the city is the South Park Street Cemetery, hidden beyond high walls as a necropolis that features some unusual architecture, an oasis of peace and relaxation.

the names of the dead indicate that they all live during the time of the British Raj from scholars to judges and the country’s first governors. the seventh Ramos inaugurated in 1767 and situated in the shade of several old trees. the graves are still cared for according to the traditions of the East India Company.

in the 18th century Chinatown originated in lead Teressa district. the Chinese came as traders settle down and as was their custom surrounded their settlements with walls. in 1962 following a frontier war between India and China, most of the Chinese left the city.

today only about 30,000 Chinese remain. most of their buildings have been converted into restaurants, that are very popular with the local people. BK Bella is one of India’s leading industrial magnets, as an art lover he has fulfilled a personal dream the Birla temple constructed according to age-old design.

Together with his wife sir Allah in the 1940s he began to collect works of art and in 1962 they founded Birla Academy of Arts and Culture. the large collection includes Indian sculptures of bronze and terracotta and also paintings and textiles by contemporary artists.

In this city the Hindu doctrine of a better life after rebirth is for many the only hope, that they can cling to. nevertheless Kolkata is one of the most fascinating metropolis in the world and also one in which chaos reigns supreme.

Travel Guide

The Ultimate Travel Guide to Iceland

Iceland, a land of fire and ice, stark contrasts and harmonious natural wonders. No bucket list is complete without a visit to this remote island nation. Whether you’re simply looking to be inspired or wondering where to find the best serving of sheep’s head once you arrive.


travel guide to iceland travel guide will reveal new depths of this magnificent country to even the most seasoned traveller. So, are you ready to discover? Welcome, to Iceland. Let’s start with the basics. Iceland is 103,000 square kilometres big, making it slightly smaller than Cuba and slightly bigger than Hungary and Portugal.

Roughly 10% of its surface is covered by glaciers and there are 130 volcanoes spread throughout, 18 of which have erupted since the settlement of Iceland 1100 years ago. Iceland ranks number one on the Global Peace Index and also takes first prize in Gender Equality with their first female president having been elected in 1980.

Iceland is also one of the greenest nations in the world! 99% of its electricity is generated from renewable resources. So if you’re looking for a progressive and environmentally friendly place to call home, Iceland should be at the top of your list.

You’ll be a part of a very intimate club, only 323,002 are able to call Iceland their home and nearly 60% of the entire population lives in and around Reykjavik, the northernmost capital city in the world. With such a small populace, locals can find themselves talking to relatives they didn’t know they had, more often than they’d like.

Lucky for them, IslendingaApp has become a very popular mobile app which tells you whether you may be skating too close to the gene pool with that beautiful stranger. The Icelanders aren’t the only ones inhabiting the island of ice and fire though.

They share their home with 4 million puffins, 460,000 sheep & 80,000 horses. You may be wondering what language the people of Iceland speak. The answer? Icelandic, a North Germanic language derived from Old Norse.

However most Icelanders speak fluent English and they love to practice it – so never be shy about approaching the locals. The people are known to hold three defining characteristics. They’re exceptionally friendly, they’re highly educated – the nation boasts a literacy rate of 100% – and some would say down-right attractive – Iceland currently holds 3 miss world beauty pageant titles.

When you visit, you’ll be paying for your things with the Icelandic krona. Visa and MasterCard are accepted nearly everywhere and if you need some cash, expect to find ATMs easily. However be prepared: Iceland is a mostly cashless society.

You’ll risk sticking out like a sore thumb if you try to pay for your morning coffee with the change in your pocket. What Iceland lacks in size, it makes up for in endless options for any traveller’s itinerary. A 6 day tour travelling along Iceland’s Ring Road will cover most of the country’s hotspots.

For nature-lovers, Iceland is the perfect escape. You can go horseback riding on ancient highland trails and channel your inner Viking. Or if you prefer the sea, go kayaking between fjords in Ísafjörður. You can also go on a breathtaking snorkelling tour in the Silfra ravine, located in the heart of Thingvellir National Park.

Of course, there’s simply no better way to clear your mind then by zipping down hills on trails you won’t find anywhere else or by feeling the beat of your heart as you go river rafting down Hvítá River. Thrill-seekers will find themselves overwhelmed with options.

If you need to slow things down for a moment then whale watching in the town of Húsavík is a perfect activity. You should also pay a visit to Látrabjarg Cliffs to see one of the world’s largest colonies of puffins or try your hand at salmon fishing on Sogið River.

Iceland is also the unofficial winner when it comes to waterfalls. Some even completely freeze during the winter months. If you only have time to see a few, then put Skógafoss and Gullfoss at the top of your list. You should also take a hike through Thingvellir National Park, walk on glaciers in Skaftafell, and experience the pearl of the Icelandic Highlands, Landmannalaugar.

Be sure not to leave out a serene stroll along the country’s dreamy coastline or just take the plunge and surrender yourself to the surf. No journey around Iceland is complete without a soak in one of the country’s many hot springs.

Pay a visit to Hellulaug’s natural thermal pool, located on the coast near Flokalundur. Next, add Strokkur to your list of soakable locations and enjoy the added bonus of impressive geysers whose bursting flows of water will make you jump.

And of course, if you’re looking to truly treat yourself then you must visit Blue Lagoon, the ultimate geothermal spa in Iceland. The spa is located in a lava field in Grindavík on the Reykjanes Peninsula. Enjoy the warm waters that are rich with minerals and will leave your skin feeling brand new.

Iceland is a hotspot of arts and culture with many of their most popular festivals and special events being held in and around the capital city of Reykjavík. Visit the Harpa Concert Hall, modelled after the basalt landscape of Iceland and enjoy impressive live performances from the country’s best performers.

You might not think it but Iceland is also a major player in the music festival game. Enjoy diverse sounds that will delight your ears throughout the year by attending the Airwaves Music Festival, Reykjavík Dance Festival and more. Nature will decide whether this next Icelandic sight is yours to behold or not.

The Northern Lights are surrounded by many myths and inspire stories from countless cultures. While in ancient China people believed the Northern Lights were a dragon’s fiery breath, soldiers in Medieval Europe thought that a red aurora borealis marked the outbreak of war.

Regardless of what you believe, witnessing the northern lights will surely give you goosebumps as there’s nothing like the bright dancing lights of the aurora. But when do you have the best chance of seeing the Northern Lights? Magnetic Midnight is the best time to spot the Northern Lights.

It usually occurs around an hour before midnight and is when the lucky traveller, the North Pole and the sun are all in alignment. The best seasons to see the Northern Lights are from September to mid-April, when the night skies are fully dark.

But what’s the weather like otherwise? Iceland isn’t nearly as cold as its name makes it sound. Temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, ranging from 0 degrees celsius in winter to 11 degrees celsius in summer, but things can change at a moment’s notice.

As Icelanders say, if you don’t like the weather, just wait 15 minutes and you’ll get something different. But there’s truly no bad time of year to visit, as there’s plenty to do throughout the year. Check out the Ice Caves from November to March, engage in a little whale watching from April to September, pay the puffins a visit from June to July and witness the magnificence of frozen waterfalls through the months of January and February.

Iceland’s temperamental weather can make it difficult for a rookie to know what to pack. So whenever you go, you’ll want to bring waterproof hiking boots, a waterproof rain jacket, a swimsuit, flip flops, thin gloves, hiking socks, sunglasses, and a camera, with extra batteries.

You should reward yourself for packing so well by sampling Iceland’s delicious cuisine. But be cautious, dining in Iceland can do a number on your bank account with a meal at a mid-range restaurant costing you and a guest more than $100 American dollars.

The country’s cold climate and long winters make the Icelandic people experts in fish, meat, and other preserved foods. You’ll want to try Hardifiskur, wind-dried haddock or cod that’s enjoyed by tearing off a piece and chewing away. Next enjoy lots of fresh lobster, pickled herring, salmon and char.

Be sure to also try a hangikjöt sandwich, which is made of hung, smoked lamb. Then sample some svið, which is boiled and singed sheep’s head before trying blóðmör or blood pudding. If you’re feeling especially adventurous then try súrmatur, a medley of sheep parts that are pressed into cakes and pickled in whey. One of the only native vegetables is called fjallagrös.

It’s a mostly tasteless Icelandic moss, that’s dried into black curls and eaten on raw or cooked with milk. Once your stomach is full you can get back to enjoying the country and everything it has to offer from its geysers to its hot-springs and more.

A land of epic vistas and endless adventures, Iceland is greater than the sum of its parts. It’s magic. It’s mystery. It’s an untameable force of nature. We hope these tips and insights make your trip a stellar one. And as they say in Iceland, bless and Góða ferð!

Travel Guide

Norway (Europe) Vacation Travel Guide

Norway a fascinating land in the extreme north of Europe and magic and fairy tales are very much alive. crystal-clear lakes and rivers snow-covered mountains you Dilek fishing villages and endless beaches, that are only accessible by boat landscapes with remote settlements and above all the North Cape.


travel guide to norway

although the Norwegian metropolis of Oslo is a modern city, it continues to be inspired by the lively spirit of its past traders fighting men and seafarers. Oslo is more like a European town than a large capital city and the dom kicker is an impressive sight. Karl Johan’s gate is a splendid Avenue. it extends from the main station to the Royal Castle. it has all the atmosphere of a large city. the Parliament building is also situated here. a mighty yellow tiled and red granite building. the National Theatre is also located in Karl Johan’s gate and is close to the castle. outside a statues of Norwegian dramatists Gibson and Johnson. opposite is Osler’s massive university its Great Hall was once the setting of the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony. the royal castle that is situated at the end of the Avenue is the official residence of the Norwegian royal family. King Karl Johan had the castle built although he never actually resided in it. the Royal Guard in front of the castle is an impressive sight. the difficult times when this was a Danish than a Swedish colony along gone. in the 1920s the sculptor adult Gustav Vigeland was given the use of this building. he exhibited 200 stone figures here. in the center of the sculptors park is an elevated terrace that contains a group of figures. in the center is the pillar of life. vigeland died in 1943 before his Park was completed. Oslo is also the winter capital of Scandinavia, especially so since the Olympic Winter Games of 1952. the first to be held after the Second World War. the ski jump at the holmenkollen is one of the most famous events and takes place directly in front of the city gates. Gamla are kakaka is the city’s oldest church. this medieval building is located on a hill in the northern port of Oslo. over the centuries it has often been plundered. however it’s managed to survive right up to the present day. the city’s main landmark is its monumental twin tarred city hall. combination of national romantic,classical and pure functionality a place of contrasts. completely lacking in taste or a superb achievement of the age in which we live. the architecture of this building has stirred much controversy. Oslo is a Harbor’s a city on the sea but lies well sheltered at the end of a few odd. in the ninth century it was much appreciated by the Vikings who traveled throughout the known world plundering much of it. King Haakon v transformed an old fortress on the Icarus Peninsula into his own personal residence. in 1300 he moved here from trondheim. when in 1624 a devastating fire destroyed it. Christian of Denmark had the city rebuilt and named it to Christiana. the fortress was transformed into a Renaissance castle. west of the harbor Basin is our cab Riga. a city quarter that was created on the site of a former shipyard and which features some unusual architecture. and when the Sun shines here the atmosphere is reminiscent of warmer climes. the best way to get an interesting overview over the catchment area of Oslo is a boat trip through the fjord. past many boats of all sizes and boat houses and chapels. the oslofjord is about a hundred and thirty kilometres long. it extends from the shores of the North Sea to Oslo.the harbor is the starting point for the motor launchers that travel to the museum island of digg’d why friedhof Nansen ordered the construction of the Fram especially for his expeditions to the North Pole. the North CF Arts Museum features the long history of Norwegian navigation. in the kontiki museum, the filigree balsa riverboat is on display, in which tour Heyerdahl sailed across the Pacific from Peru to Polynesia. the Viking ship Museum, is Norway’s most visited Museum. and the Norse folks posit museum is the largest of all slows museums. this open-air museum covers 14 hectares and contains a hundred and seventy buildings from the length and breadth of Norway it’s the country’s largest collection several dance groups in traditional costume provide entertainment in the museum they show that the Norwegians know how to celebrate our fascinating journey on the famous Birkins Panem takes us from Oslo to Bevan the many suburbs reach far into the hinterland as the oslofjord Valley was not large enough to absorb the growing population at first the plan was to build a railroad between the two most important trading towns in Norway the construction of the railroad posed a major challenge for the engineers at that time and its construction took many years the first section of today’s Birkins Balan was completed in 1883 it extended from Bergen to Voss after the first section was completed the ambitious engineers had more decisions to make for the next section there were several possibilities but it was decided to extend the line through Ron Darden middle and finsih the Norwegian Parliament only gave the go-ahead for the construction of the railroad in 1894 as the project was not without risk but they also wanted to take political advantage of his brave new venture at that time the construction of the Bergin’s barn was the most daring railway project in the whole of Europe first almost the entire infrastructure of railway construction had to be built roads for both workers and materials didn’t exist in Norway’s remote areas this made the construction of the railway even more difficult on its journey to Bergen the train reaches the highest plateau in Europe the 8,000 square kilometer Arango vida and even today there are glaciers in this region such as the Hardanger yoculan that originated some 3,000 years ago at the next station railway enthusiasts can experience another fascinating route because in mérida the spectacular flam bond begins now the train is traveling downhill after more than six and a half hours we have arrived at our final destination the ancient hanseatic city of burden the history of this ancient and charming harbour town Norway’s secret capital city began in the 11th century during the rule of Bishop Olaf kitty despite several catastrophes the center shines out in all of its historic splendor Bergin’s noble cathedral the dom cockin has suffered many devastating fires so it’s undergone several building programs and today nothing remains of the original building Bergin’s main tourist attraction is the brigand district that originated in the middle of the 14th century when it was heavily influenced by the north german Hanseatic office German traders were attracted by the prosperous city and so had a permanent administrative headquarters built here business flourished and in subsequent years an increasing number of Hanseatic merchants moved to the city almost a thousand German settled in Bergen the decline of hanser began at the beginning of the seventeenth century its success was being overtaken by various other countries Norwegian merchants eventually bought the city’s German warehouses the golden age of the Hanseatic traders was then relegated to the history books located close to Baggins fish and vegetable market is the course kickin after it was devastated by fire and 1702 it was rebuilt according to the design of the Danish architect Johann Konrad Ernst today the course Ketchum is dominated by Renaissance design throughout the centuries numerous Scandinavian artists have adorned the church with their work the city not only boasts a fascinating history but also a number of music festivals and the world-famous composer Edvard Grieg originated from Bergen situated at the herb regatta the Church of the Holy Virgin Mary the Maria kakum is the city’s oldest religious building it is once of great important to the city’s German population in 1408 the building was purchased by various Hanseatic traders over several years they gradually improved its appearance indeed there could be no finer surroundings for Grieg’s musical works than the tangled lanes and a Dilek squares of his native city the calm and amicable atmosphere in bergen’s old district still possesses a magical atmosphere and a unique Hillier although the harbour was once responsible for the city’s prosperity during the industrial revolution it proved to be too small and impractical you both the harbor and the city lost their importance times were changing fast however today Bergen is an extremely popular tourist destination Bergin’s fishermen still carry out the centuries-old tradition of their ancestors and the inhabitants of Norway’s secret capital city continue to care for and respect their historic cultural inheritance right up to the present day norway is also known as a land of fuels one of the most impressive it which is the guiding of Europe a very popular tourist destination it is long and narrow the situated between steep mountain slopes again and again white foaming water plunges down the rocks a fascinating natural spectacle each summer more than 100 cruise ships pass through this fascinating fjord and travel right to the end of it to the uninhabited guide auger as large boats are unable to anchor here small ferry boats are available from here the tour continues across the mountains a steep and narrow mountain road winds up from the valley the cruise ships are left far below rain and fog make the journey on this narrow road a real adventure we continue to travel up into a world of trolls and fairies in 1900 during the World Exhibition in Paris the 24 kilometer long legged anger vagin was declared to be a masterpiece of road design we travel pass waterfalls lakes and tiny settlements up as well as down at the bottom there’s a fjord and also a ferry service next we climb another steep and winding road it’s an interesting journey that is taking us back to the coast most of these small canyons have a story to tell and our driver often stops to explain them to us then suddenly the rain turns to snow at this is during summer finally Nordau the highest point everyone wants to touch the snow and take photos a spectacular mountain road winds along 11 bends and into a valley the thralls diggin the valley winds down into the easter doll the white landscape is replaced by green vegetation and then houses gradually appear the wild mountain world has been left behind us again we have arrived at sea-level and must cross the fjord by ferry boat trondheim is Norway’s historic capital a city in which Norway’s kings have been crowned and also a bishops seat the pulsating heart of Norway here one can sense the proximity of the Polar Circle and the sunsets only for a short time beneath the horizon in summer it never gets completely dark here more than a thousand years ago the Viking chief Olaf who was also responsible for the introduction of Christianity to this region founded the country’s first capital city of need eros its strategic location made it ideal as a trading center indeed this has been so right up to the present day after the city center was destroyed by a devastating fire it was rebuilt at that time the mouth of the river near delver with its colorful warehouses on posts was given a new drawbridge that leads into the old town various administrative buildings indicated the city’s prosperity the new Dara’s Dom kike is the most splendid Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe it was built on the bones of Holy Olaf the several centuries it’s been a place of pilgrimage since the Middle Ages the Norwegian kings were crowned and also entombed here but since 1906 the monarchy has opted out of the formal crowning ceremony the adjoining palace of the archbishop is like a castle no wonder it was once the center of ecclesiastical power today Trondheim is a blossoming city plagued fire and the problems caused by German traders in Bergen are no more the Reformation also caused problems here pilgrims stayed away and with them their money and the Catholic Archbishop fled however the city managed to survive large harbour complexes were built and the railway line to Oslo with steam ships that traveled as far as Hammerfest a city with a colorful history an inescapable charm again we must travel by small boat this time to Holland’s furin and again the rain and wind turn the journey into Endora good venture we travel past artificial fish basins salmon are bred here they’re extremely popular but in short supply then it appears at the end of the Ford thus far Tizen glacier known as the black ice it’s the second largest glacier in Norway and derived its name from its dirty appearance in recent decades the glacier has gradually been melting and is not quite dangerous due to its uneven and hazardous surface sheep graze peacefully on the pebble fields that have been deposited by the glacier and there’s a remote farmhouse close to a small jetty a final view across this amazing reminder of the last ice age then we travel by bus along the banks of the fjords the numerous waterways that stretch deep into the hinterland these deep blue and calm waters originated from flooded glacier valleys they often surrounded by rugged yet beautiful mountain landscapes again and again captivating isolated Bay’s come into view a good place for a swim if it was warmer suddenly the Sun appears between dark clouds and the water on the rock walls gleams in the Sun we passed salt straumann we’re huge masses of water from the sea in the fjords appear to battle against each other a land full of contrasts enchanting and silent powerful and wild the islands of the gods for the legendary Vikings the Lofoten situated in the extreme north of Europe have always been a special place our journey in the Lofoten begins with the arrival of the stumps and we’re stopping here for only a few minutes with 1,400 inhabitants starsand is the main fishing village of this group of islands although the surrounding fishing rods contain an abundance of fish the industry that once flourished here is not as prosperous as it once was many of the local people have found work in the fish processing industry in stamps and alas the Lofoten fishing industry exists no more as the cod became over fished new sources of income had to be found now for much of the population tourism provides a lucrative alternative to the traditional fishing industry of bygone times the picturesque beauty of this group of islands located just off the Norwegian coast has lost nothing of its age-old fascination and colorful sense of history the small village of new sod is located in front of a captivating backdrop of mountains due to its unique location it looks more like a high mountain village than a fishing settlement the village is both in historical as well as a cultural treasure almost all of its buildings date back to the 19th century and at that time its entire population worked in the fishing industry this village was at its most prosperous in the 19th century news fiord had a post office a cafe and even a prison and since 1907 has had its own power station today it is more like a living museum and an increasing number of fishing huts known as rawa are gradually being abandoned stockfish and cod are still in spite of decreasing numbers the most important and most famous exportable of Thornton despite their remote location the Nafferton have always attracted settlers the first were not the Vikings but an ancient people who arrived on these islands 7,000 years ago our next stop is the village of sunt with its pleasant harbor that’s well protected by rocks as with each settlement of the Lofoten the former wealth of sunt that is evident in its colorfully decorated buildings was based on the abundance of fish that once existed in the waters close to the village you the fishermen here still go out daily those who live in the heart of this natural landscape are fortunate indeed there are few other groups of islands in the north of Europe that enjoy such a beautiful setting due to rough seas the west coast was once uninhabited however people gradually began to settle in a number of sheltered bays at the end of the low-fat highway at the southern point of Moscone soy island is the picturesque village of ah the red of the houses adds interesting contrast to the surroundings they’re mainly dominated by grey rock this place has also become well-known due to its unusual name the inhabitants of art a proud of the fact their village has the shortest Dame in the world the fishing village museum consists of 23 buildings that date back to the 19th century here visitors can learn of the fishermen of bygone times the remarkable mountain scenery of this region is one Villa photon’s most beautiful landscapes the LeFort travaille king museum in borg is one of the most famous and most visited tourist attractions of the Lofoten 20 years ago a farmer discovered some broken pieces of pottery here little by little archaeologists excavate the remains of the largest viking house that has ever been discovered in the viking museum visitors can even sample the life of the vikings for this there is an authentic dragon boat in the bog Poland estuary this region was inhabited by the Vikings for several years in recent times archeologists have found the remains of numerous dwellings here the Vikings those strongly built fears Norseman men who settled in the bays of norway they raided the coasts of Europe – as far as the Mediterranean the discovery and Borg is unique it is the only dwelling of a Viking chief that’s ever been found the roots the mountains and the sea combined as one and form a wonderful harmonic unity that’s extremely inspiring that’s why so many artists come to capture the Magnificent landscape of the Lofoten you the journey to Hennings fire is a real experience as most of the road has been blasted into the rock wall and it also boasts two splendid bridges many refer to it as the Venice of the north a slight exaggeration but the beauty of this village is certainly not in dispute the final destination of our journey in the Lofoten leads to the capital of this remote archipelago it’s difficult to leave this wonderful scenery the origins of slow buyers date back to the Middle Ages phishing played an important role in the life of what was then a village the largest village of this group of islands has now adapted itself to the tourist industry and it’s also a center of transport in the 19th century Slover was an important North Sea ferryboat Harbor little has changed just that the Hurtigruten ferry boats have become bigger and dock here several times a day the journey on one of the Hurtigruten ferry boats the travel between Bergen and coconuts beyond the North Cape is one of the most beautiful sea journeys in the world there’s no hustle and bustle in the harbour and the entire city is tranquil and relaxed the arrival of huge male boats here is part of everyday life you as are the large ships in the small harbor the huge ships slowly move out of the sheltered Harbor one of the most beautiful sections of the hurting route travels through a small passage between the islands we travel past small houses situated on the cliffs and the traditional wooden racks where in both autumn and winter the local codfish is dried the ships lobby is decorated with pictures of kings and queens it’s all very regal the eight decks of the new ship are easily accessed by way of a glass elevator modern comforts have also reached the traditional male boats while the colorful coast slowly passes by a tasty dinner is served this is the life the view of the coast and it’s snow peak Martens and forested slopes is quite outstanding today modern technology has been introduced to the Hurtigruten fleet that was first established a century ago the boat glides always silently through the water past an enchanting landscape the Hurtigruten male boats have helped to improve the living conditions of those living on the coast who would otherwise be cut off from the outside world the Polar Circle baptism ceremony takes place a traditional event with a lot of added humor you the god of the sea pause iced water onto various heads then everyone has given something to drink a certificate and a photograph of the ceremony then follows a dance and the cool evening breeze the Midnight Sun sinks just a little beneath the horizon what an incredible sight our male boat reaches the next Harbor on schedule our journey into the North will last for several days on the first Street of the realm as the hurty route was known in earlier times Hastert is the capital of the vesterålen Island the northern continuation of the Lofoten Islands a relatively new town with 22,000 inhabitants the population began to increase in the herring years when in bhagavad it was possible to catch herrings with a pitchfork when the fishing industry fell into decline the shipbuilding and textile industry has provided employment and the workers were quite well-off well preserved warehouses indicate successful past trade and numerous ferry boats travel from here to various islands all is peaceful today Harstad is the main center of Norway’s oil and gas industries its administrative buildings are located here but we’re not yet in the extreme north the journey continues Tromso the capital of the Nordic alot is also known as the Gateway to the icy and also the gateway to the Arctic due to its geographical location in the extreme north of Norway part of the last big town before the North Pole is situated on the mainland and the remainder on some islands just off the coast the ice sea cathedral with its unique architecture and the largest glass painting in Europe has since its consecration in 1965 become one of Toronto’s most popular attractions it was built of glass and concrete and symbolizes the elements of the local landscape light ice and constant change the harbor is the main source of income and trans Oh many industrial companies have come here the export of fish navigation and various service industries all provide a good income here no other harbour in the world has seen the start of as many polar expeditions as this one the Polar Museum is an old and protected wooden building various images depict past life in this vast wilderness old tools and weaponry are exhibited and whale hunting and the killing of seals has also featured written records and the objects taken to numerous expeditions to the North Pole awaken the spirit of adventure there’s a special exhibition that features rod Amundson and the Northwest Passage Tromso is a city of the superlative it covers the largest man-made surface north of the Polar Circle it boasts the northernmost University and brewery it is often referred to as the Paris of the north as almost anything can be bought here and the shops are extremely tempting however the proximity of the Arctic is always obvious the older churches of the mainly Protestant population have been adapted to the region’s climate the italian general novel a surveys the market square he once traveled to the North Pole on his ship the Italia but in a disaster at sea had to be rescued the city has many young people so the number of bars and nightclubs here is far larger than anywhere else in Norway Hummer vest the northernmost harbour in Norway is also the northernmost town in the world there is no ice in winter and in summer the Midnight Sun in the city hall one can join a special organization the Royal Ice Bear Club the church is similar to the icy cathedral in Tromso in summer organ concerts are performed here each day in 1789 hammerfest was given the freedom of the city in 1809 it was destroyed by the English Navy and in 1890 it was devastated by fire and in 1945 the German army also wrought havoc here but the city was rebuilt and although the houses are somewhat modest their inhabitants live a contented life in this remote land most of the employment here is provided by the Findus frozen food company it has a thousand employees however this could change as the large gas fields in the Barents Sea expand a Nordic boomtown could develop here 71 degrees 10 minutes 21 seconds the north cape is truly magical it is the destination of each and every journey north the plateau tars 300 meters above the Polar Sea however it’s still 2100 kilometers from the North Pole most of the time the wind blows here and it’s foggy the modern north cake hall however is comfortable and warm here visitors can learn how the treacherous north cape was discovered you a unique post-office cells special steps on our return to civilization we meet a summer family with their tent and reindeer they live in the extreme north in the land of the Sami here on the northern edge of Europe this independent people has found their final permanent home they live here with their reindeer kkeok Ellis is not only the last Norwegian town before the Russian border but also the point of return for the Hurtigruten they returned to Bergen until 1828 the small town was situated in the Norwegian Danish Russian district but thanks to the opening of Russia Kirk Ellis is now again Norway’s gateway to the east the ore mines are closed for the harbor is still open the town’s houses and churches were rebuilt after 1944 in typical North Norwegian post-war style fifty years of living behind the Iron Curtain could not be easy for the people of this region but it was perhaps this that accounts for their reserves nature in the 20th century Kirkus had to endure no less than four wars today always tranquil once again in front of the city gates on the banks of the Jakob river we set off on our final adventure the barren Safari we travel 11 kilometres by boat to the Russian border this would once have been impossible but today the Norwegians and the Russians live in peace the journey ends at a small jetty on the Russian border in winter the temperature here is often minus 40 degrees Celsius and in summer 25 degrees just a few more steps to the border our guide explains what happened here during the Cold War when snipers ensure that no one went anywhere near the border next we arrived at a small Hut where a special extreme north barbeque has been prepared opti and fish cooked on charcoal the wonderful River landscape at the northern edge of the world is gloriously track row a natural paradise in the remote and unspoiled Tundra Plateau looking at the landscape it’s easy to understand why the descendants of the Vikings are so proud of their fascinating home and the extreme north Norway a country bursting with breathtaking and untamed beauty you you

Travel Guide

The Ultimate Travel Guide to New Zealand

Embark on a journey where you can retrace the footsteps of the Fellowship, enjoy epic adventures of your own and experience legends come to life. From its active volcanoes, deep glacier lakes, unique wildlife and dazzling fjords, one thing’s for sure, in this nation of Kiwis there will never be a dull moment.

travel guide to new zealand

So travellers, are you ready? Welcome to New Zealand. Let’s start with the basics. This beautiful island nation is home to just over 4 and a half million people, many of whom go by the self-appointed nickname “Kiwi”.

This slang is derived from the country’s national symbol: a flightless bird called, you guessed it, the kiwi. The country itself is formed by two main landmasses – the North Island and the South Island, as well as about 600 other smaller islands.

New Zealand as a whole is quite modest in size, similar in land mass to Japan. Wellington is the Capital City of New Zealand and also the southernmost capital city in the world while Auckland, the original capital city, is the largest Polynesian city and goes by the name “the city of sails.”

Which makes sense when you consider Auckland has more boats per capita than any other place in the world! What else does New Zealand have more of than the entire planet? Sheep! Hopefully you’re a fan of these furry farm animals because there are about seven to every resident, which works out to nearly 30 million sheep.

Your mum won’t have to worry about you throughout your kiwi adventure either because New Zealand has remained firmly in the top 10 safest countries to call home for several years running. They’re also comfortably progressive, having been the first major nation to allow all citizens the right to vote, regardless of gender.

There are three official languages in New Zealand: English, Maori and New Zealand Sign Language but you’ll be able to get by just fine with English. Now whether you’re looking to uncover the Maori way of life, hit the slopes or sample delicious wine – there’s plenty of diverse adventures to enjoy – so let’s take a closer look. New Zealand is renowned for it’s world-class hiking trails.

Breathtaking views await you in Fiordland National Park, which includes four major tracks – Milford, Kepler, Routeburn and Hollyford. While Milford is perhaps the most famous, hikers of each track can expect to enjoy views of forested valleys, diverse birdlife, turquoise waters, expansive lakes and truly spectacular mountain scenery.

For Lord of the Rings fans, a visit to Tongariro National Park, where you can behold the jagged volcanic rock and eerily barren landscape, should be a considered a must. Hopefully the moody weather cooperates during your visit and you’ll be granted a view of Mt. Ngauruhoe, otherwise known as Mount Doom.

Hiking the entire Alpine Crossing takes about 7 hours and includes lava fields, tussock meadows and the neon turquoise, geothermally heated waters of the Emerald Lakes. If beaches are more your thing, New Zealand has a hike for that too! Along the Abel Tasman Coast Track, travellers can enjoy more than 40kms of golden sand beaches, subtropical bush line and granite cliffs, accented by clear azure waters and frolicking fur seals.

Keep in mind that several tidal inlets mean that you’ll be required to time your crossings with low-tide, so plan accordingly. Along New Zealand’s Otago coast you can see the mysterious Moeraki Boulders, beachfront stones formed from ancient sea sediments.

An equally mesmerizing and seemingly perplexing sight would be the famous Waitomo Caves with their legendary blue glowworms. Thrill-seekers can abseil down into this lost world, which takes about 20 minutes and provides impressive views of spagatites and gigantic flowstone formations on the way down.

Once you’ve lost yourself in the isolation and majesty of nature, grab a few of your fellow travel companions and go jet boating through Queenstown’s Shotover River, or tackle the currents of Tutea Falls along the Kaituna River in Rotorua, the highest commercially rafted waterfall in the world.

Of course there’s also ziplining, bungee jumping, and skydiving. Each offer unique and exhilarating views of places like Rotorua, Auckland Harbour, and Queenstown respectively – though you can enjoy any one of these thrill-seeking experiences pretty much anywhere throughout the country.

If you want to take things a tad slower, hit up one of New Zealand’s countless golf courses. Enjoy the stunning greens that can be found in Auckland, Queenstown and Wellington. For the snow bunnies, strap on your skis and fly to the top of Queenstown’s mountains to enjoy a refreshingly exciting ski down
world-renowned peaks and valleys.

Within 20 minutes from downtown Queenstown, you’ll be at the foot of Coronet Peak and within 35, The Remarkables, a range that lives up to its name and is a must for any snowboarder or skier out there. Once the weather warms up you can catch the surf on the curving Bay of Plenty or along the untouched beaches of Gisborne.

And if you really want to show off your surfing skills then head to Whangamata, situated on the southeast coast of the Coromandel Peninsula in the North Island. After all, it’s only the surfing capital of the country! But maybe you are just looking to kick back and enjoy that well-earned break? That’s certainly alright and you picked the right destination to escape to.

You can catch a kapa haka performance of the Maori people, indigenous New Zealanders, and enjoy chants and choral singing to graceful songs and ferocious war dances. Consider visiting Maori meetings grounds, called marae, and take part in a powhiri, a traditional welcoming ceremony.

Or if you wish to get literary, take a tour of Hobbiton in , Waikato and see JR Tolkien’s epic story brought to life with a wander through the heart of The Shire. You can stop by the Green Dragon Inn or visit the Bag End.

But what time of year does one journey to Middle Earth? Fall? Spring? Winter? Well just to be clear, there’s never a bad time to travel to a place like New Zealand though travellers should be ready for weather that can change unexpectedly, regardless of the time of year.

However most places throughout the country receive over 2,000 hours of sunshine a year and because of the low levels of air pollution, the sunlight is especially radiant! While the far north has subtropical weather during summer, and inland alpine areas of the South Island can be as cold as -10°C (14°F) in winter, most of the country lies close to the coast, which means mild temperatures year round.

The average New Zealand temperature decreases as you travel south. New Zealand’s Summer runs from December to February and should be considered the peak travel season, it’s also considered the perfect time for enjoying activities like hiking, scenic driving, winery tours, and surfing.

If you’re lucky, you can catch a wave alongside dolphins off the country’s long coastline. Autumn settles in from March to May and the views of fall foliage are truly something to behold. Winter lasts from June to August, and this is when you can expect the ski season to begin to flourish.

Spring temperatures are enjoyed from September through November and offer a beautiful combination of spring blossoms and snow-capped mountains. Once you’ve satisfied your desire to explore it’s time to sit down and enjoy some delicious local cuisine.

And just what is waiting for you at the dining table? Let’s find out… New Zealand’s cuisine draws on Polynesia, Asian and European inspiration and the results are staggeringly delicious. A typical kiwi breakfast consists of cereal, toast and either a cup of coffee, tea, juice or milk.

On weekends, when more time is available to prepare a cooked breakfast, locals sit down to plates of scrambled eggs, bacon, cooked tomatoes, mushrooms, hash browns and baked beans. After a long morning outdoors, you’ll need to enjoy a quick hot pie to reenergize.

These tasty small pastries come in a variety of flavours and are typically filled with mince and cheese, bacon, egg and even steak. Once the evening rolls around, enjoy servings of roast lamb, mutton and of course battered fish and chips.

Due to New Zealand’s long coast line the selection of seafood is quite diverse: succulent oysters, mussels, shellfish, king salmon, snapper, scallops and whitebait – a true Kiwi delicacy. The most common way to enjoy these small baby fish are as whitebait fritters, essentially an omelet prepared only with egg white mixed with the delicious whitebait.

If you’re looking for a refreshing dessert to top off your day of indulging your taste buds then help yourself to pavlova, a meringue-based dessert named after the Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova. But what should you wash down all these tasty foods with?

Of course you can enjoy your share of refreshing beers and ciders, but New Zealand is mainly renowned for its many exquisite wines. Sommeliers praise the country’s take on sauvignon blanc as being the best in the world. Other wines highly regarded include Cabernet/Merlot blends and Pinot Noir to name a few.

Mhmmm, spectacular. Once you’ve allowed your thirst to be both quenched and delighted by New Zealand’s unique libations, it’ll be time to begin mapping out your next adventure through this oceanic paradise. We hope these tips ensure that your next great Kiwi adventure will be a truly inspiring one.

If you still can’t get enough then check out Days to Come for more inspiration and travel tips. If you’re ready to experience the country for yourself, simply visit As they say in New Zealand, Kia Ora! Until next time! – booking tours made easy.