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Austria (Europe) Vacation Travel Guide

Austria situated in the heart of Europe. it has much to offer. high mountains and alpine pastures in the West. Mediterranean Lakes in the south and scenic plains in the east. a land of majestic buildings and of the rural culture of past centuries.

 

travel guide to austria

a country with an eco-friendly tourist industry and where nature conservation is top priority. our journey begins in Vienna, former royal residence and the capital of Austria. the mighty Stefan storm towers up 60 meters into the sky, at its center is a large and splendid gate. a most impressive sight within the cathedral is the Vina noise Tata utter the tomb of Emperor Friedrich the third.

and the pulpit of Master anton pilgrim who has immortalized himself here. the paw Merlin is the second-largest church bell in Western Europe and was made from Turkish canons. for over 300 years Vienna was the residence of the Emperor and the nobility had their fine palaces built here.

the city was dominated by Baroque architecture. Melting parts of the old monarchy, Vienna was regarded as the world’s fifth largest city before the First World War. the Hofburg was the residence of the royal family.

it was the legislative center of the city, multifarious buildings 18 wings, 19 courtyards and more than 2,500 rooms. the mighty central coupler of the national library, spans 30 meters high above the most beautiful reading hall in the world. And each day white lipids honest aliens are trained in the spanish riding school.

the imposing Rondo of the neuen Hofburg represents one half of the building that was never completed. the error is also the world capital of classical music and Art Nouveau. and its Opera House is the most famous building of rings fasten design.

after the stephansdom, the carska is the most important religious building in vienna. construction of this excellent example of european baroque, was made at the command of the imperial throne during the year of the plague in 1713.

A four kilometer long boulevard the ring Strasse encircles the city center. a wonderful blend of architecture classical antique cathedral gothic, Renaissance and Baroque. the Parliament and City Hall an impressive gothic building.

The Burgtheater and votive caca,also made their mark on the Ringstrasse er. Splendid garden palaces such as the Belvedere and the summer palace of the Habsburg adjourn bloom are now among the city’s most popular tourist destinations.

The palaces 1,700 well-preserved rooms once accommodated the royal family and the entire royal household. the route up the hill is flanked by various water features and leads to the glory ex, a pavilion with marvelous views.

The Schonbrunn zoo is of baroque design. its enclosures have been well adapted to the needs of the animals. it’s the oldest menagerie in the world and in 1882 a glass house for the royal plant collection was built here. At the World Exhibition in 1896 a 64 meter high big-wheel was erected at the western end of the plata.

An entertainment park that continues to please both young and old alike. a perfect way to spend an evening is to visit a uragan. A bar in which wine is served with simple but hearty food. Vienna is an adventure and a pleasure for all the senses.

Glug nits is the starting point of a fascinating train journey on the simmering bar. this unique railway in the Austrian album Borland has been an operation for more than a hundred and fifty years. With the invention of the railroad in the 19th century, it was possible to cover large distances at far greater speed. construction of a railroad across mountain terrain posed a major problem.

In the 19th century the construction of a railroad across Semmering was a risky business.however that did not perturb Carl Ritter von Jagger. the remarkable views were most likely not fully appreciated by the builders of the simmering railroad as their task was arduous and quite a challenge.

The railroad to the semi rink pass contains 16 viaducts, more than a hundred bridges and 15 tunnels. it was a daunting task. 20,000 workers were engaged to complete the work. the line was inaugurated after only six years and a bright future lay ahead.

With the creation of the simmering railway,this once remote mountain region suddenly became far more accessible and soon developed into a popular summer retreat for Vienna’s elite. old steam engines were replaced by electric trains. this old railway line is a successful harmony of Technology and nature.

Close to the simmering around a hundred kilometers from Vienna is Schnee. perc a popular holiday destination for the Viennese in both summer and winter. From poke bug one of the oldest rack railways in Europe travels up the mountain and almost 10 kilometer long section with a 20% gradient.

Since 1897 steam and diesel engines have climbed slowly up the mountain several times a day along this railway line,that in its day was a major technical accomplishment. The Schnee berg is the highest mountain in lower austria and the eastern most 2000 meter high mountain in the Alps.

The highest point the cost of oppan is two thousand and seventy six meters. above sea level. when the weather is fine the striking lines of the limestone mountain can be seen from as far away as Vienna numerous paths crossed the remote regions of this unspoiled mountain landscape.

Since 1873 Vienna has been linked to a water pipeline that is still in operation today, so the population of Vienna is able to enjoy fresh spring water straight from the mountains. The Vaako, 36 kilometers of the danube delta with medieval old towns, castles and ruins.

A baroque monastery and an ancient vine growing culture. our journey of the vaca begins in stein, that is today part of Crim’s. this is the gateway to the vaca a unique section of the Danube. This medieval city contains a hundred and thirteen buildings.

The city’s facades and entranceways are decorated in traditional style. cremes even today is full of history. an important city set within a unique River landscape that for centuries was the only trading route between East and West.

Further downstream the valley becomes narrower and is even more beautiful. The blue-white church tower of Doolin Stein proudly welcomes those who visit the town. it’s one of the vikas main landmarks.the steep river valley and its terraced vineyards enjoy a temperate climate.

In Roman times, vines were cultivated in this picturesque area due to the region’s ideal growing conditions. Vicen kirkin has always been a wine growing center. the small village has a long and dramatic history. Its old houses and lanes look like the backdrop of a film set in medieval times.

Spitz Nestle’s picturesquely amid surrounding vineyards and the steep rock walls of the legendary Towson Diamond Mountain. the vineyards have brought much prosperity to the area. High above the ancient ruins of Augustine, looked down onto the Danube Valley.

This was once the domain of the robber Knights of the Kulin Rinker. they placed chains across the Danube in order to wail a passing ships prior to plundering them. mariya tougher, a place of pilgrimage also lies high above the valley.

Someone saw an angel fly into an oak tree and within its branches hung a picture of the Holy Virgin Mary. The last stage of our journey through the vaca leads to a cultural gem and a baroque work of Arts. Steve’s milk situated on a steep rock above the Danube both nature and architecture unite as one a monastic rock,a remarkable Benedictine monastery.

It’s not surprising that Umberto eCos novel, the name of the rose originated here. because milk is one of the most imposing monasteries in the Christian oxidant. A cleverly constructed spiral staircase leads down the monastery church the center of the monastery.

Yucca plant are built this gigantic baroque bulwark of faith and with it created an icon of Occidental monastery culture. all this is the vaca a gem created by the mighty Danube. Lits is the capital of upper austria, a dynamic industrial city with an old town that has a long history.

The third largest city in Austria is located on both banks of the Danube and several bridges linked the city. the celts settled in this area as did the romans who established a trading center for salt. since 1898 an electric mountain railway has traveled from the city and up the post lingburgh.

This railway line was another technical achievement with a 10-person gradient. the view from lenses 537 meter high mountain, explains why it’s called the city on the Danube at the edge of the Alps. the small pilgrims church in the distance is one of the city’s main landmarks.

Close by is one of the oldest towns in Austria styie, an old Ironton that is situated in a favorable location at the junction of the ends and style rivers.sturdy city walls with splendid gates protect the old town whose former inhabitants were made rich by the iron industry.

Lumbergh castle was first mentioned in the 10th century it’s situated in the oldest district above the town the counts that once resided here gave the neighbouring federal state of stariha its name. The large fortunes that were made here over the centuries are highlighted by the historic towns many old Civic houses that are still in good condition today.

The narrow lanes and long square give a feeling of security amid the historic surroundings. it’s as though these City Hall wishes to see everything that’s going on. Salzburg, a city of Bishops and of music and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Austria.

The cathedral is located in the heart of the city, this sacred baroque building is situated on the same site as the city’s first church. The city’s most famous address is without dart number nine four. It was here that the musical genius vote Gangamma des Mozart was born on the 27th of January 1756.

A huge fortress still dominates the old town horn Saltzburg. the largest fully preserved medieval fortress in middle Europe. Tangled and narrow lanes lead through the large palace that served as both a residence as well as a seat of government for clerical Regents.

Gold mining and the extraction of salt in the whole entire mountains created much prosperity in the region. medieval Salzburg became a German Rome an Italian looking city of early baroque design. a city of art and contemplation.

Even today the cultural image of the city on the South sac is dominated by more than a hundred churches castles and palaces. The clerical Regents and their master builders knew exactly how to impress those who visited the city.

And the Prince Archbishop’s of Salzburg ruled from the residence until 1803, a Paris of ecclesiastical power. the nearby schloss hellbrunn was the pleasure castle of prince-archbishop Marcus citta cos. a unique example of villa suburb honour based upon its model in Italy.

But the main attraction is the water garden, an interesting place with stunning water features. Saltzburg a remarkable baroque gym. Basalts comma guts is located in the heart of Austria, a wonderful and romantic landscape set between breathtaking mountains and beautiful lakes.

In the middle-ages cent Wolfgang was one of the most visited pilgrimage destinations in Central Europe having attracted 70,000 of the faithful here each year. Fom San Wolfgang a small train, travels up the shaft Berg the main landmark of the salt scammer Goods.

This railroad is five kilometres long and rises to a height of 1795 meters above sea level, on the summit there are fabulous panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. in the Ice Age huge glaciers led north. they carved out wide valleys deep basins and high mountains.

When the masses of ice finally melted they left behind this splendid landscape gentle valleys crystal-clear lakes and rocky terrain the village of Monty is surrounded by fertile meadows and the buildings were their rural baroque and Rococo facades are a captivating sights.

The lake is 11 kilometres long and 70 metres deep it has a relatively warm temperature due to its sheltered location and total lack of inlets from cold mountain rivers the salt producing town of gunden is the true gateway into the celtic a maggot and is also a popular tourist destination here salt arrives from hallstatt and RC in the early 19th century the salt was loaded onto one of the country’s first horse-drawn railroads and transported to the Danube Baltic Castle is located on a small island guman Don’s main landmark the area in the southeast of the Salzkammergut is known as alciel and and the health resort of bad RC is the center of this region and since 1850 has offered mud and brine therapies. At the beginning of the 19th century Bad Ischl was simply called Ischl but a local doctor began to use salt water to treat miners who suffered from rheumatism the Austrian Emperor’s personal physician took an interest in the treatment and Ischl subsequently became a health spa along with numerous artists and the like the imperial court soon put bad ischl into the Austrian health spa map. The Ducks time a fabulous world of rock and ice imposing and majestic it’s interior full of fascinating caves. As the level of the groundwater reduced this huge ice cave became accessible to scientists today it’s one of the largest ice caves in the world a veritable paradise in the heart of Europe. Similar to afford the house Darcy extends in front of the picturesque hallstatt this region was first settled in ancient times a unique mixture of millennia old culture and beautiful scenery crowned by a village of historic importance. For many years the village could only be reached by rowing boats or on foot. Precious mountain salt has decisively influenced life in how start from around 1500 BC to the present. The historic buildings are now protected monuments and the welcoming facades of the dwellings have graced this atmospheric village since the sixteenth century it’s market probably dates back to the 14th century archaeological finds from the nearby surroundings indicate that this area was already settled by man from around 5,000 BC so the term housed our culture was born.

Latura a picturesque federal state in the west of Austria one of the most beautiful areas in Europe and set within the Magnificent Alps. It’s bull is the most famous town in what is known as lower land it was once a prosperous mining town but today it’s a world-famous ski resort that’s also popular in the summer months.

Next we arrive in antara in Toth and imposing fortress towers above the town of the same name Coosh Steen a small town on the green in River that is the theme of many traditional songs for centuries this border town was the cause of some hostility between Bavaria and the turul and the fortress has seen many a bloody battle with foreign foe in just 45 minutes the are conceived on travels from yeonbok in the in town up to the Arkin see the biggest lake in the turo the oldest track railway in the world was inaugurated here in 1889.

The boats on this Tyrolean fraud are waiting for their passengers that silly tile opposite the Arkin see is the most popular and best known holiday region and material that Silla tada Hawkins Plaza is one of the most beautiful high mountain roads in Austria and a special attraction is the journey up to the tiny Samsa tile to the imposing Schlage ice water reservoirs returning to the Intel we visit ha a medieval town whose old town is one of the best-preserved in the whole of Europe and where the world’s first large silver coin was minted at the junction of unter in Thailand over inter is the tear old metropolis of Innsbruck the Florence of the north and the capital of the mountains. The golden Darko is the city’s main landmark a splendid stone balcony with a slanting roof whose copper tiles shine out in the sunlight and from which he derived its name Emperor Maximilian the first briefly made this city the center of the Habsburg a realm he transferred his residence from Marin to Innsbruck. The half kicker was meant to be his tomb but black figures god Aquino Tov an empty sarcophagus because Emperor Maximilian was buried in the veena Noi Stars and his horse in gate after his death power reverted to Vienna the journey north leads across the fan pass to Ashford a romantic tourist destination close to the German border at the foot of the souk Spitzer and protected by the Vettes teen mountains the imposing mountain station at the top of it sook Spitzer has an Hotel a panoramic restaurant at a meteorological station that can today also be reached from the German side at a length of 65 kilometers the earth style is the longest Valley in the Intel.

The earth style became world-famous due to the discovery of a mummy the man in the ice who was known as Etsy and who perished in the high Alps Pat’s tan is the name of a high alpine valley in the West in the upper Pat’s non tile is ishka that is located at an altitude of 1400 meters above sea level this former agricultural village has now developed into a chic winter sports resort at the end of the valley and at an altitude of 1500 meters is the small village of Gault OA at the foot of the striking silver Etta massive the albergue is situated at the end of the Tirol son Christoph lies close to the pass since the Middle Ages there’s been an in here that has sheltered travelers on a dangerous journey across the mountain the precarious road that leads to sewers was constructed in 1900 and 300 metres further on is left the most famous village in the albergue region tourism gradually developed and brought the mountain regions a different kind of wealth cable cars and the mountain lifts were built and visitors arrived in their thousands each season of the year this popular Alpine holiday region attracts visitors from all over the world. Wauw albergue is the westernmost federal state in Austria this paradise in front of the albergue begins in the rugged valleys of the Alps that meet in blue dense a traffic junction that is also the Gateway to the Mont Afon despite many devastating fires and several rulers this beautiful old town still has it’s very own medieval charm that can be seen in its ancient lanes arcades castles and churches along with its various valleys the monta fun is one of Austria’s most popular tourist destinations the history of settlement here began with a vulture who built their houses in the mountain slopes small mountain villages originated such as the Bartolo Marburg settlement with it’s fine’ historic churches to the west the land opens up from the fortress there’s a wonderful view across failed care that looks like an old oil painting here it’s easy to imagine medieval knights and the life of bygone times the beautiful Civic houses of the well-preserved old town with their atmospheric arcades and fresco covered facades indicate that the city’s history is still very much alive mighty fortified gates such as the turret or and the mullet or as well as the Pulver term and it’s ICA’s they’re witness to former times that were far from peaceful the small tile is located at the foot of the medieval chaton burg where once the megalomaniac counts of Montfort’s caused much grief to the population. The brigade’s a vault in the northern part of Vorarlberg is an area of the Alps that has managed to retain its natural splendor green hills valleys and mountains here tradition is important as indicated by the old farmhouses traditional rural clothing and local dialect typical of the abrecan’s of old are its mountain farms the many churches and chapels that adorn the landscape demonstrate the deep face of the local people since 1923 Bregenz has been the capital of or albergue it’s a small town on the eastern banks of the bodensee close to Germany Switzerland and Liechtenstein.

The Celts settled here and was subsequently driven out by the Romans in the Middle Ages the counts of break-ins and Montfort’s ruled this area in 1451 Brigance became part of the Habsburg er and during the 30 Years War the Swedes destroyed the town. Settlements close to water often have a special appeal thus an opera festivals staged by the waters of the bodensee has proved to be a highly popular event. On our journey south we visit kaprun this former mountain farm village became well-known due to the massive water tanks that were built here. In the 1920s it was decided to collect the melting water of the glaciers and harness them in a power plant at an altitude of more than 2,000 meters above sea level.

Both Mountain Lakes is surrounded by rocks and thus blend harmoniously into the landscape only the dams themselves show man’s intervention. The huge dams are up to a hundred and 20 meters high and at the base 70 meters wide the reservoirs contained between 81 and 85 million cubic meters of water around 8000 people worked on this major project in the high mountains under extremely harsh conditions the power plant was celebrated as a miracle of technology and it’s a major technical achievements. South of the fill baton is Easter Oh a fascinating and mainly untouched natural landscape that since the Treaty of Sanger mine has been the part of the turul that geologically belongs more to Carinthia the route from Enoch Slusser up to the gross vinegar Glacia is quite arduous but eventually the glazier makes it all worthwhile huge waterfalls and a bird of prey sanctuary our highlights of the calcite are that is situated on the western side of the Grouse block man. The vehicon tile with its main village of vagin is a cultural gem with wooden houses and various fine buildings and the pilgrims church of maria Schnee in Oberman is famous for its well-preserved gothic frescoes that are like something from a religious picture book. Visitors to unbar can visit the waterfalls of the same name by way of horse and carriage the waterfalls plunge wildly into the depths below sankt fight in the defrag and tile is the highest health resort in the region. A cable car leads up to the bruegger arm from where the view extends across the breathtaking mountain world of Easter all a real paradise set in the high Alps several mountain pastures have over 2,000 meters above sea level provide a welcome break for exhausted walkers such as yog Hassan one of the oldest mountain pastures in Austria that’s still in use. L-e-e-et’s is the capital of Easter all this mighty castle of the counts of gutter guards the main square that was once used by the Celts IRA’s and Romans. Most of the buildings of this enchanting old town date back to the high season of the Middle Ages here southern Flair and religion are omnipresent [Music] the site of this famous mountain village at the foot of the grouse Glockner is truly captivating heiligenblut the celts and the romans searched for gold and silver here. From the yosef sure there’s a spectacular view over the past at sea the longest glacier in the eastern Alps that is located beneath the highest mountain peak in Austria. But the dramatic warming of the atmosphere in recent years has also managed to affect the past. at sea it’s now melting at an unprecedented rate. The gross Glockner high alps road travels through one of the greatest natural landscapes in the world the Horton National Park a remarkable mountain world in which nature is at its most glorious this is the most famous road through the Alps it crosses each of the climatic and vegetation zones of both Austria and the Arctic with Meadows forests mountain pastures rock and ice once the Celts travelled across this mountain summit followed by the Romans and later the Samba the Grouse Klockner has always been a source of fascination at the end of the 18th century the first attempts to conquer it proved unsuccessful but times have changed and it has now indeed been conquered and there’s even a high alpine road that travels across the mountains and through the horn thon. The extensive Houghton National Park covers no less than 2,500 square kilometers it’s one of the most impressive Alpine landscapes in Central Europe. The geology of the huntin has been influenced by numerous natural cataclysmic events including several Ice Ages numerous fertile meadows and indigenous animals indicate the presence of local mountain farmers. The discovery of copper and zinc and later iron ore attracted various settlers to this high mountain area each year the adil ik beauty of this Alpine region attracts a growing number of visitors this is hardly surprising as the region is a totally natural landscape that has for the most part been left unspoiled by man winter in the hotel National Park usually lasts for eight months but when summer comes the natural beauty of the Alps blossoms all around and those who come here can enjoy the relaxing atmosphere of pure nature. Carinthia is Austria’s southernmost federal state and borders both Italy and Slovenia the sunny heart of Europe Corinthians oldest city free sock has retained what must be the true ambience of the Middle Ages. Amid the landscape is a 150 meter high limestone rock it was settled during the Bronze Age burg Jaco Steve its castle was mentioned for the first time in 1200 AD it is the most famous Knights castle in Austria and served as a model for the Walt Disney movie Cinderella five kilometers north of Klagenfurt is an ancient building high above that Seoul felt this is the location of the impressive castellated church of maria saw.

The cultural heart of Austria has much to offer including this open-air museum Klagenfurt is the administrative center of Carinthia a middle class garden city that although it does not contain the fine buildings of the aristocracy does have a good helping of southern flair and the nearby vertice each year creates a magnificent atmosphere of summer following a devastating fire emperor maximilian the first handed over the city to its inhabitants corinthians real heart beats within the region around clock and foot that is surrounded by high mountain rages this is the Vorta sea Austria’s southernmost a Lakeland resort and one of the warmest lakes in Europe. With the Maria VAT Peninsula ad Velden the fine resort town that lies at the end of the Vorta sea yet the elegant lakeside casino doesn’t only attract the wealthy on the southern shore line of the OCR kasi is the stiffed OCR a Benedictine monastery that was built in 1028 and is probably the oldest in Austria. Villa Gateway to the south located on the banks of the river draw this the second largest city in Carinthia is full of busy traffic making its way to nearby Italy between the carnation Alps and the Lancer Dolomites the river guile has created a deep canyon the less active a picturesque valley that is also known as the valley of a hundred mills and isolated and unknown paradise set amid captivating and untouched mountain scenery.

Amid the Nok bergen is the mill statice. In 1469 the order of the gorge nights shows mil start as the center for a rebellion against the invading turks later follow the Jesuits due to their high demands on the local population they caused a rebellion among the local farming community from the Myrtle a cable car travels to infinity an adventurous journey into the mountain world of rice Ecch from here there are various pathways that seem to lead to the heavens to a rock-strewn mountain world a celebration of both earth and sky for thousands of years a small River created one of the most beautiful sites in the Alps the ragga Canyon here the natural power of water cut its way through the stony mountainscape an impressive demonstration of the incredible power of nature aprea is famous for its mills on these steep mountain slopes one mill was built upon another in order that they could each utilize the water par from a single source.

One of the most individual and finest landscapes in Carinthia is situated north east of the mill statice the Nok burger that was designated as a national park in 1987 along with the splendid knock arm. The magic of this landscape is reminiscent of ancient legends that tell the vows Perkis nacht it was said that dancing witches and wizards once met here with a courageous treasure hunter who attempted to discover the secret hiding place of a vast treasure buried within the mountains however the treasure still remains undiscovered the National Park covers 216 square kilometres and includes the NOK Becker with its green hills and characteristic forests of larch and swiss stone pine. Well-maintained roads that blend into the landscape make it possible to explore the park by car.

Pathways lead to mountain pastures and across flower field mirrors the natural aroma of the mountain landscape relaxes both body and soul fortunately the wonderful unique mountain landscape of this high plateau that is almost tundra-like has been well protected despite heavy bureaucracy. Grotz is the capital of stariha the second largest city in Austria and European Capital of Culture in 2003 both the Celts and the Romans used the Schlossberg for various rituals and since 1894 there’s been a railway line here.

The mountain could also be negotiated on steps carved into the rock on the Schlossberg summit is a clock tower the main landmark of Graz the view across the city’s red rooftops makes it easy to understand why this old town has been designated as a World Heritage Site Graz boasts the largest and most well-preserved medieval city centre of any german-speaking city but it’s also a city of Italian Renaissance design the land house is the city’s most famous example of this is originated from several buildings close to the land house there was also an armory.

In 1699 this Standish at soy cows contained more than 185,000 objects the most spectacular project of his cultural capital of 2003 is situated in front of the minarets monastery on the river mujer a Conchie island Emperor Friedrich 4/3 had this Gothic cathedral built in 1438 as both the church for the city’s inhabitants and also for the royal court it’s located next to the castle the magnificent late baroque altar the imposing pulpit and the Rococo style organ are only a few of the many treasures of this religious building Graz a city of age-old traditions.

Burgenland is the easternmost federal-state in Austria and isin stars is its capital it was the hometown of Eos of heightened it was once the end of Europe close to the Iron Curtain but today this small town on the edge of the panic plains is a prosperous trading and cultural town whose old district still possesses its original charm. The well-preserved castle of the former monarch the count of Esther hartsey is today the setting for numerous concerts and festivals the nearby noise seedless II is a huge shallow lake in western Pannonian it is not only the National border between Austria and Hungary but also the geographical border between East and Middle Europe the lake is a Nature Reserve that is unique in Europe it features a number of reeds as well as an untouched wildlife and plant Kingdom with an assault savanna of swamps and ponds that in 1997 was designated as a World Heritage Site the small villages of this region have retained their traditional way of life with farms and agricultural produce as well as their livestock and lush grazing pastures the area has a favorable climate ideal for the local vineyards roost is proudly called the city of wine as around 500 hectares of vineyards surround the fresh start this splendid old baroque town is a protected monument.

Stalks also add to the popularity of this region they return here each spring to build their nests in the chimneys of the local buildings. This traditional area that is quite different from many other parts of Austria marks the end of our journey a journey that has shown us Austria’s many phases although this former powerful realm of the Habsburg er is now a relatively small country its history traditions and the diversity of its remarkable landscapes have retained their irresistible allure Austria will always be the majestic land in the very heart of Europe.

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